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Endocrine System 11

chapter 11 med terminology

acr/o extremities
adren/o adrenal glands
adrenal/o adrenal glands
andr/o male
calc/o calcium
crin/o secrete
estr/o female
glyc/o sugar
glycos/o sugar
gonad/o sex glands
home/o sameness
kal/i potassium
natr/o sodium
ophthalm/o eye
pancreat/o pancreas
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
pineal pineal gland
pituitar/o pituitary gland
thym/o thymus
thyr/o thyroid gland
thyroid/o thyroid gland
toxic/o poison
-crine to secrete
-dipsia thirst
-prandial pertaining to a meal
-tropin stimulate
Reproductive sex cells gamates
Insulin is produced by beta islet cells
secretes glucagon, which stimulates the liver to release glucose alpha islet cells
ACTH adrenocorticotropin hormone
ADH antidiuretic hormone
BMR basal metabolic rate
DI diabetes insipidus
DM diabetes mellitus
FBS fasting blood sugar
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
GH growth hormone
GTT glucose tolerance test
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
K+ potassium
LH luteinizing hormone
MSH melanocyte-stimulating hormone
Na+ sodium
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NPH neutral protamine Hagedorn (insulin)
PBI protein-bound iodine
PRL prolactin
PTH parathyroid hormone
RAI radioactive iodine
RIA radioimmunoassay
T3 triiodothyronine
T4 thyroxine
TFT thyroid function test
TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone
acidosis excessive acidity of body fluids; i.e. diabetic acidosis
edema excessive amount of fluid
endocrinology branch of medicine diagnosing and treating conditions and diseases of the endocrine system
gynecomastia breast tissue in males
hirsutism excessive hair
hypersecretion excessive hormone production by endocrine gland
hyposecretion deficient hormone production by endocrine gland
syndrome group of symptoms and signs that, when combined, present a clinical picture of a disease or condition
addison's disease deficiency in adrenocortical hormones. increased pigmentation of skin, generalized weakness, and weight loss
adrenal feminization breast in men/increased estrogen by adrenal cortex
adrenal virilism male secondary sexual characteristics in females/ increased androgen secretion by adrenal cortex
cushing's syndrome hyper secretion of the adrenal cortex. may be a result of tumor. weakness, edema, excess hair growth, skin discoloration, and osteoporosis
diabetes mellitus (DM) chronic disorder of carb metabolism/ hyperglycemia & glycosuria 2 forms; diabetes mellitus(type 1): insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus(type 2) (NIDDM)
diabetic retinopathy secondary complication of diabetes; affects blood vessels of the retina, resulting in visual change or blindness
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus type 1 develops early in life when pancreas stops insulin production. patient must take daily insulin
insulinoma tumor of the islets of langerhans cells of the pancreas, that secretes an excessive amount of insulin
ketoacidosis due to an excess of acidic ketone bodies(waste products) serious condition requiring immediate treatment ; can lead to death
non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus type 2 later in life; pancreas produces, but cells don't respond properly; may have to take insulin
peripheral neuropathy damage to nerves in lower legs and hands as a result of diabetes mellitus, extreme sensitivity or numbness and tingling
tetany nerve irritability and painful muscle cramps resulting from hypocalcemia; Hypoparathyroidism is on cause of tetany
Recklinghausen disease excessive production of parathyroid hormone, which results in degeneration of the bones
acromegaly enlargement of the bones of the head and extremities
diabetes insipidus (DI) inadequate secretion of antidiuretic hormone by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. may be polyuria and polydipsia
dwarfism/gigantism insufficient growth hormone/ excessive growth hormone
panhypopituitarism deficiency in all the hormones secreted by the pituitary gland
cretinism congenital condition; lack of thyroid hormones my result in arrested physical and mental development
goiter enlargement of the thyroid gland
Grave's disease overactivity of thyroid gland can be crisis situation; symptoms exophthalmos and goiter; A type of hyperthyroidism
Hashimoto's disease chronic autoimmune form of thyroiditis, results in hypo secretion of thyroid hormones
myxedema hyposecretion of the thyroid gland in an adult; symptoms anemia, slow speech, swollen facial features, edematous skin, drowsiness, and mental lethargy
thyrotoxicosis marked overproduction of the thyroid gland; symptoms rapid heart action, tremors, enlarged thyroid gland, exophthalmos, and weight loss
adenocarcinoma cancerous tumor in a gland that is capable of producing the hormones secreted by that gland
Fasting blood sugar (FBS) amount of sugar circulating throughout the body after 12 hr fast
Glucose tolerance test (GTT) determine blood sugar level
Protein Bound Iodine Test (PBI) get concentration of thyroxine (T4)
Radioimmunoassay (RIA) levels of hormones in the plasma
Thyroid function test (TFT) measures thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and thyroid-stimulating hormone
Created by: tammiemcconnell