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Geog. & History A

WCHS Geog. & History A - Chapter 4

Command Economy a type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by a central government, which usually owns the means of production. also called a planned economy
GDP Gross Domestic Product; the value of only goods and services produced within a country in a period of time
Urbanization the dramatic rise in the number of cities and the changes in lifestyle that result
Monarchy a type of government in which a ruling family headed by a king or queen holds poloitical power and may or may not share the power with citizen bodies
Carrying capacity is the number of organisms a piece of land can support
population pyramid a graphic device that shows sex and age distribution of a population
fertility rate average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime
polytheistic belief in many gods
dialect reflects changes in speech patterns related to class, region or cultural changes
diffusion spread of ideas, inventions or patterns of behavior
society a group that shares a geographic region, a sense of identity, and a culture
metropolitan a funtional area including a city and its surrounding suburbs and exurbs, linked economically
GNP Gross National Product; the total value of all goods and services produced by a country in a period of time
Urban Geography the study of how people use space in cities
democracy a type of government in which citizens hold political power either directly or through elected representatives
push-pull factors Push factor would be one that causes people to leave theri homelands and migrate to another region; pull factor is one that dreaws or attracts people to another location
infant mortality rate the number of deaths among infants under age one per thousand live births
birthrate the number of live births per thousand population
monotheistic a belief in one god
acculturation occurs when a society changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation
innovation taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet a need
culture total knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group
market economy a type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by the demand from consumers; also called a demand economy of capitalism
megalopolis a region in which several large cities and surrounding areas grow together
CBD Central Business district; the core of a city, which is almost always based on commercial activity
nation a group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a stron sense of unity
communism a system in which the government holds nearly all political power and the means of production
population density is the average number of people who live in a measurable area, such as a square mile
mortality rate or death rate; the number of deaths per thousand people
animistic traditional, often with a belief in divine forces in nature
religion a belief in asupernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe
cultural hearth the heartland or place of origin of a major culture; a site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials and technology diffuse to other cultures
ethnic group a specific group that shares a language, customs and a common heritage
Created by: dmoudy