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Musculoskeletal System Vocabulary

Cervical Spine vertebrae 1-7
Thoracic Spine vertebrae 8-19 (12 total), chest cavity, curvature of the spine
Lumbar Spine vertebrae 20-24 (last 5), lower back
cranium eight bones of the head
coccyx tail bone
clavicle collar bone
scapula shoulder bone
femur thigh (upper leg) bone
patella knee cap
tibia shin (front of lower leg) bone
fibula thin leg bone (back of lower leg)
tarsal ankle
metatarsal foot
phalanges toe bones
humerus upper arm bone
ulna lower arm, little finger side
radius lower arm, thumb side
carpals wrist bones
metacarpals top of hand
phalanges finger bones
arthro joint
costo rib
cranio skull
ilio ilium (part of the pelvis)
sacro sacrum
chondro cartilage
plasty surgical repair or correction
scopy observation
trophy nutrition, growth, development
dis separation, away from
intra within, into, inside
myo muscle
dys difficult, painful
total hip arthroplasty hip replacement surgery
myoma benign (noncancerous) tumor of muscle tissue
Muscular Dystrophy progressive crippling (weakening) disease of the muscles
osteoma tumor comprised of bone
Ruptured Disk slipped disc, usually in lower back
torn ligament tissue at a joint is stretched
tendonitis inflammation of a tendon (attaches muscle to bone)
chondritis inflammation of cartilage
scoliosis lateral (side to side) curvature of spine
arthroplasty plastic repair of joint
Rheumatoid Arthritis inflammation of the joint in 20-40 year-olds; includes fever, weight loss, and stiffness of the joints
osteoarthritis chronic inflammation of the joints in older people
costectomy removal of a rib
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
fracture broken bone
atrophy without development
cranial pertaining to the cranium
sternal puncture insertion of a needle into the sternum to collect bone marrow
arthrogram x-ray of a joint
laminectomy removal of the lamina, for a ruptured disc
dystrophy bad or faulty development
Orthopedics the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the muscles and bones or fracture of bones
osteoporosis abnormal condition causing bones to become brittle
mandible fracture broken lower jaw
Created by: dtomczik