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Glossary SS11 B

Text Glossary for all things beginning with B

Baby boom After the Second World War the number of babies born in Canada increased dramatically with the return of soldiers from overseas. Baby boomers are considered to be those people born between 1946 and 1961.
Balance of power nations or groups of nations will attempt to remain at approximately equal strength with one another. This process can often result in an arms race, such as the naval power race
Balfour Report 1917 a Report by the British that promised the Palestinians independence and at the same time a homeland in Palestine for the Jewish people.
Bill An idea that a cabinet minister or a private member introduces into the House of Commons with the intention that it will go through the government houses
Bill 101 An act passed in 1977 by the Parti Quebecois government which made French the only official language in the Province of Quebec.
Biodiversity Refers to the importance of keeping the native variety of plants and animals in an area since they rely on each other for existence. Removing one type of plant or animal may affect the sustainability of others in the area.
Bishop, William (Billy) 1894-1956 Served as a fighter pilot in the Royal Flying Corps during World War I and became Canada's greatest ace. He is credited with having shot down 72 German planes. He won the Victoria Cross for valour.
Blitzkrieg Its English translation being "Lightning War", blitzkrieg refers to the highly effective tactic used by the Germans in the first two years of World War II.
Bloc Quebecois A separatist party from Quebec
Bluebirds Name given to female nurses during the First World War who volunteered for service in the Canadian Army Medical Corps.
Bomarc Missile An American defensive missile deployed by Canadian forces during the 1960's.
Bomber Command The section of the Royal Air Force responsible for the aerial bombing of Germany during the Second World War. Many squadrons of RCAF bombers served under this Command.
Borden, Robert 1854-1937 Conservative Prime Minister of Canada 1911 to 1920.
Bouchard, Lucien 1938- Formerly a cabinet minister in Prime Minister Mulroney's Progressive Conservative government, he left the party and became leader of the separatist Bloc Quebecois. In 1996 he became the leader of the Parti Quebecois and the Premier of Quebec.
Bourassa, Henri 1868-1952 French Canadian nationalist leader who led the anti-conscription movement in 1917.
Bourassa, Robert 1933-1996 Liberal leader of Quebec during the 1970s and 1980s. He was pro- Canada, but was still a Quebec nationalist.
Boreal forests Coniferous forests that covered much of Canada, Europe, and Russia. Large areas of these forests are threatened by logging or pollution such as acid rain.
Branch plant Business established in Canada, but owned by a larger version of the same company in the United States. 'This practice began during the 1920s.
Britain, Battle of 1940-1941 The German air force attempted to bomb Britain into submission; however, with the use of radar, secret code breaking equipment, and the valiant efforts of the Royal Air Force fighter pilots, the German attack proved to be unsuccessful.
British Commonwealth Established in 1926 after the Balfour Report referred to Great Britain and the self-governing dominions such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, as autonomous communities within the British Empire, equal in status.
British Commonwealth Air Training Program Established in 1939-1940. Pilots, navigators, and ground crew from Britain, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Canada were trained on the Canadian prairies.
British Columbia Human Rights Code Protects all British Columbian against discrimination and abuses in a wide variety of areas including age, ancestry, physical or mental ability, political beliefs, and sexual orientation.
British North America Act (BNA Act 1867) Came into force on July 1, 1867. The Act served as Canada's written constitution until 1982. The present constitution of Canada still contains most of the provisions of the BNA Act.
Brown, Rosemary 1930-2003 Born in Jamaica, she studied at McGill University in Montreal and became the first black woman in the Canadian legislature when she was elected an MIA in the BC provincial election of 1972.
Brown, Roy Canadian fighter pilot during World War I who was reported to have shot down German Ace Manfred Von Richtoven (the Red Baron).
Bush pilots Pilots who flew small planes into the north of Canada and up the coasts of the country during the 1920s and 1930s. They helped open the north to prospectors and mining enterprises.
Buying on margin A practice used in the 1920s whereby investors could buy stocks with very little down payment. This method led to much speculation and helped cause the Stock Market Crash of 1929.
Byng, Sir Julian British General who commanded the Canadians at the successful Battle of Vimy Ridge in 191 7. He later was appointed Governor General of Canada, and became involved in a constitutional dispute known as the King Byng Affair.
Created by: kstokowski