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Nervous System

Spelling & Term for Nervous System

cerebellar pertaining to the cerebellum
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
meningocele herniation of the meninges
anesthesia medication that causes a loss of feeling
hyperkinesia excessive movement
hemiparesis partial or incomplete paralysis in one half of the body
concussion injury to brain resulting from impact of the brain against the skull
idiopathic unknown cause, having no cause
quadriplegia paralysis of trunk and all four of the extremities
paraplegia paralysis of lower half of the body
tremor involuntary tremble or shake
craniotomy incision into the skull
neurolysis destruction of a nerve
analgesic medication to relieve pain
tranquilizers medication used to reduce tension and anxiety
sensory nerve nerve that recieves impulses from sense organs
motor nerve nerve that conducts impulses away from the CNS
afferent nerves sensory nerves
efferent nerves motor nerves
neuron functional and structural cell of the nervous system
synapse space between two neurons
synaptic cleft space between two neurons
cerebrum largest part of the brain, governs all higher mental processes
cerebellum part of the brain which controls movement, posture and muscle tone
epilepsy disorder characterized by recurring episodes of seizures
bradykinesia slow movement
lethargy sluggishness, tiredess, weakness
myelopathy disease of the spinal cord
nerve block loss of sensation in a localized region
encephalopuncture surgical puncture into the brain
medulla oblongata portion of the brain which controls respiration, heart rate and blood pressure
axon part of the neuron that relays impulses away from the cell body
dendrite part of the neuron that relays impulses toward the cell body
meninges protective covering of the brain and the spinal cord
amblyopia dull vision
blepharoptosis prolapse of the eyelid
dacryorrhea discharge of tears
emmetropia correct vision
ophthmalmoplegia paralysis of the eye
achromatopsia color blindness
presbyopia loss of elasticity of the lens
nyctalopia night blindness
otalgia pain in the ear
myringoplasty surgical repair of the tympanic membrane
anacusis without hearing
retinopathy disease of the retina
retinoscopy visual examination of the retina
otoplasty surgical repair of the ear
mastoiditis inflammation of the mastoid process
otomycosis fungal infection of the ear
corectasis dilation of the pupil
conjunctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva (PINK EYE)
presbycusis impairment of hearing in old age
otoscopy visual examination of the ear
blepharectomy surgical removal of the eyelid
sclerostomy formation of am opening into the sclera
tonometry process of measuring the intaocular pressure to diagnose glaucoma
otitis media inflammation of the middle ear
cataracts opacities that form on the lens of the eye
glaucoma increased intraocular pressure which will eventually cause blindness
strabismus crossed eyes
ossicles three tiny bones in middle ear
eustachian tube tube which equalizes pressure
olfactory pertaining to smell
canthi inner and outer corners of the eye
cerumen waxy secretion found in the external ear canal
cornea clear, transparent portion of the eye, found over the iris
cochlea organ of hearing found in inner ear
accommodation adjustment of the eye from near to far vision, or far to near vision
iritis inflammation of the iris
pinna external ear structure
sclera outermost layer of the eye, white of the eye
sclerocorneal pertaining to the sclera and cornea
sclerectomy surgical removal of the sclera
IOP IntraOcular Pressure
Acc Accommodation
AD right ear
AS left ear
AU both ears
OD right eye
OS left eye
OU both eyes
CVA CerebroVascular Accident
CSF CerebroSpinal Fluid
CP Cerebral Palsy
PNS Peripheral Nervous System
CNS Central Nervous System
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
TIA Transient Ischemis Attack
ANS Autonomic Nervous System
Created by: ChristenDole