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Urinary system

What is excretion? the removal of nitrogenous waste, certain salt, and excess water from blood.
What are the functions of the Urinary System? excretion, maintains acid-base balance, secretes waste products in the form of urine, and eliminates urine from the bladder.
What shape are the kidneys? bean-shaped
Where are the kidneys located? are located between peritoneum and the back muscles.
What is the renal pelvis? funnel shaped structure at the beginning of the ureter
What is the medulla? it is the inner striated layer
The striated cones are also called what? Renal pyramids
What is the cortex made of? made up of millions of microscopic functional untis called nephrons
What is filtration? first step in urine formation
What are the 6 parts of the nephron? Bowman's capsule, glomerulus, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of henle, distal convoluted tubule, and collecting tubule
What is reabsorption? when water and useful substances are reabsorbed
What do the ureters do? carry urine from the kidney to the bladder
Created by: edgarf96