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A&P GI Unit Exam

What is the method of transmission for hepatitis A? spread by fecal- oral route
What is the method of transmission for hepatitis B? contact with blood, saliva, urine, feces and semen
What is the method of transmission for hepatitis C? blood or sexual contact
What are the symptoms and treatment for hepatitis A? Symptoms are similar to the flu. There is a vaccine but no treatment- let it run its course
What is aphagia? inability to swallow
What is Dysphagia? difficult or painful swallowing
What is Ascites? accumulation of fluid in the abdominopelvic cavity.
What is Hiatal hernia? Portion of stomach protrudes through the hiatus
What are the symptoms and treatment for a hiatal hernia? chest pain and upset stomach. Possible surgery
What is Intussusception? part of the intestine has invaginated into another section of the intestine
What is volvulus? bowel obstruction
What is flatulence/ Flatus? condition of having gas or air in the intestine
What is Anorexia? lack of appetite
What is Diverticula/Diverticulosis/ Diverticulitis? Condition of having abnormal packets develop along colon
What is an appendicitis? infection of appendix
What is Peritonitis? Infection of abdominal cavity
What is paralytic ileus? paralyzed ileus- no peristalsis
What is Gastritis and Gastroenteritis? Inflammation of stomach and inflammation of stomach and intestine
What is an ulcer? a gradual erosion of the tissue- H. pylori
What is a vagotomy? Surgical cutting of the vagus nerve to reduce acid secretion in the stomach
What is pyloroplasty? surgical procedure to widen the opening in the lower part of the stomach
What are some symptoms of Ileitis and IBS? Pain, diarrhea, burning, abdominal distension and dehydration
Where does Crohn's disease take place? Small intestine
What is hematemesis? blood in vomit
What is melena? black tarry stool
What is an ileostomy? surgical opening of ileum
What is a colostomy? surgical opening of colon
What is cirrhosis of the liver? dead tissue
What is Jaundice? yellowing of skin and eyes
What is cholecystitis? inflammation of the gall bladder
What is cholelithiasis? Stones in the gall bladder
What are the signs and symptoms of cholecystitis and cholelithiasis? RUQ pain that radiates to the back, nausea and vomiting.
What is gingivitis? inflammation of the gums
What is pyorrhea? pus from gums
What is proctoscopy? Rectum scope
What is sigmoidoscopy? sigmoid scope
What is colonoscopy? colon scope
What is pilonidal cyst? cyst or abscess near or on the natal cleft
What is pyrosis? heart burn
Created by: lecopple1