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DSST Env.Sci. Chp 11

vocab. for DSST Env.Sci. from Environmental Science by Karen Arms

QuestionAnswer
atomic explosion uncontrolled release of nuclear energy
biomass organic matter in plants or plant products
electric generator device that converts mechanical energy into electric energy
electricity flow of electrons, the tiny particles that whirl around the nucleus of an atom
energy conservation use of energy efficiently without necessarily reducing effectiveness
fossil fuel organic substance such as coal, oil, and natural gas that is used as an energy source and is formed from the remains of organisms that lived millions of years ago
gasohol blend of gasoline and alcohol for motor fuel
geothermal energy energy that is drawn from heat within the Earth and used to drive electric generators
hydroelectricity electricity produced by converting the energy of moving water
nuclear energy energy that exists within the nucleus of an atom
nuclear fission process in which subatomic bonds that bind the components of the atomic nucleus are broken apart, releasing huge amounts of energy
nuclear fusion the process in which lightweight atomic nuclei combine to form a heavier nucleus, releasing huge amounts of energy; basically the opposite of nuclear fission
passive solar heating system in which sunlight is used to heat buildings directly without pumps or fans
pressure vessel steel casing containing cooling fluid that surrounds the reactor in a nuclear power plant
reactor main element of nuclear power plant from which a steady, manageable amount of energy is released
solar cells devices that convert the sun’s energy directly into electricity
solar energy energy from the sun
solar water heating system that uses solar energy to heat water for household use
wind energy energy captured as wind turns a turbine and generates electricity; an indirect form of solar energy
Created by: pinetreeacademy on 2012-05-03



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