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DSST Env.Sci. Chp. 8

vocab. for DSST Env.Sci. from Environmental Science by Karen Arms

QuestionAnswer
clear-cutting method of harvesting trees in which all of the trees are removed from a land area, as opposed to selective cutting
deforestation clearing trees from an area without replacing them
Federal Mining Act act of U.S. Congress to regulate the filing and settling of land claims in the West
infrastructure the necessary structures, including roads, buildings, bridges, and sewers, that a society builds for public use
land-use planning determining the location of homes, businesses, and protected areas before an area is developed
mass transit transportation facilities to move large numbers of people at a time
mineral solid substance found in nature that consists of a single element or compound
mineral resources minerals that have economic value and are useful to humans in some way
multiple-use management term used to indicate variety of ways that land can be used to best serve the majority of people
non-urban land rural land, such as forest, grassland, and farmland, that is not densely populated and that does not have a large infrastructure
open-pit mining method of mining in which large holes are dug in the ground to remove materials such as ore, sand, gravel, and building stone
open space areas purposely left undeveloped for the enjoyment of urban residents
Operation Green Thumb (OGT) program sponsored by New York City’s Department of General Services enabling nonprofit organizations to create community vegetable and flower gardens
ore rock that contains minerals
overgrazing damage to a grassland caused by too many animals eating in a limited area; often so harmful that the grass cannot recover
rangeland grassland used for grazing animals
reclamation the process of restoring land to the condition it was in before mining operations began
reforestation process of replacing trees that have died or been cut down
selective cutting method of harvesting only middle-aged or mature trees individually or in small groups
strip mining method of mining in winch huge machines clear away large strips of the Earth’s surface, as in phosphate mining
suburban sprawl low-density development that spreads out around cities
urban area land area with dense population and with the housing and infrastructure necessary for citizens’ wellbeing
urban crisis condition in which more people live in a city than its infrastructure can support
urbanization movement of people from rural areas to cities
urban-renewal project program to rebuild a worn-down urban area by providing improved facilities
wilderness designated natural area where the land and the ecosystems it supports are protected
Created by: pinetreeacademy on 2012-05-03



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