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MT Final Exam 2012

A blood vessel that carries oxygen-poor blood from the heart to lungs. Pulmonary Artery
Pericardium Saclike membrane surrounding the heart
Disease of the heart muscle cardiomyopathy
Aneurysm A local widening of an artery
Cyanosis Bluish coloration of the skin
Removal of all or part of the stomach Gastrectomy
Cerebral Pertaining to the brain
Carcinoma Cancerous tumor
Hematoma Collection of blood
aden/o Gland
-logy Study of
Cephalgia Headache
Metabolism Sum of the chemical processes in a cell
Karyotype A photograph of an individual's chromosome
Fat Adipose means pertaining to
Pharynx Throat
Internal organs Viscera
Lying on the back Supine
Thoracic Pertaining to the chest
Abdominal Pertaining to the abdomen
Pleura Membrane surrounding the lungs
The ______ plane divides the body into upper and lower portions Transverse
The _____ plane divides the body into right and left portions Sagittal
Chondr/o Cartilage
inter- Between
-ptosis Falling, drooping, prolapse
Ischemia A temporary lack of blood flow to an area
Chronic Continuing over a long period of time
Arteriole Small artery
Laryngectomy Removal of the voice box
Metastasis Beyond control (spread of a cancerous tumor)
-cele Hernia
Sound waves and echoes are used to create an image Ultrasound
Hyperglycemia Excessive sugar in the blood
Difficult breathing Dyspnea
Brady- Slow
Tachycardia Rapid, heartbeat
Surface cells that line internal organs and are found in the skin Epithelium
Bradycardia Slow heartbeat
Bilateral Both sides
Dehydration Lack of water
Anoxia Without oxygen
Peri- Surrounding
Hemi- Half
Necr/o Death
Muscular wave-like movement to transport food through the digestive system Peristalsis
Stomat/o Mouth
Anorexia Lack of appetite
Dysphagia Difficulty in swallowing
Cholelithiasis Stones in the gallbladder
Narrowing of the urethral opening to the outside of the body Meatal stenosis
No urine production Anuria
Hernia of the tube connecting the kidney and urinary bladder Ureterocele
Urine is held in the bladder even after urination Urinary retention
Shock waves crush urinary tract stones Lithotripsy
Female gamete Ovum
Gestation Pregnancy
Incision of the perineum during childbirth Episiotomy
The study and treatment of newborns is called Neonatology
Hormone produced by an endocrine gland located below the brain Follicle-stimulating hormone
A woman who has had 3 miscarriages and 2 live births G 5, para 2 G 5, para 2
Painful labor and delivery Dystocia
First menstrual period Menarche
Piece of the inner lining of the uterus are ectopic Endometriosis
Sac containing the egg Ovarian follicle
Male gonad Testis
A gland below the bladder and surrounding the urethra Prostate
Tissue that produces sperm cells Seminiferous tubules
Hair-like tail region of the sperm Flagellum
Inflammation of the glans penis Balanitis
Male androgen Testosterone
Interstitial cells of the testes Testosterone is produced by
Cryptorchidism Undescended testicles
Seminoma Testicular carcinoma
Male sterilization procedure Vasectomy
Part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance Cerebellum
Myoneural Pertaining to muscle and nerves
Acetylcholine Neurotransmitter
Part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impulse Dendrite
Causalgia Burning sensation of pain
Synapse Space between nerve cells
Aphasia Inability to speak
Myelogram X-ray record of the spinal cord
Collection of blood within the meningeal layers Subdural hematoma
Paralysis of four extremities Quadriplegia
Yellowish region in the retina; contains the fovea centralis Macula lutea
Eye structure that is transparent, biconvex, and focuses light on the retina Lens
Place where optic nerve fibers cross in the brain Optic chiasm
Accommodation Adjustment of the lens by the ciliary body
Kerat/o The combining for cornea
Photosensitive receptor cells of the retina; make the perception of color possible Cones
An eye inflammation commonly called "pinkeye" Conjunctivitis
Snail-shaped, spirally wound tube in the inner ear Cochlea
Channel between the middle ear and the nasopharynx Eustachian tube
Suppurative otitis media Bacterial infection of the middle ear
Apex Upper most portion of the lung
Hypoxemia Condition of decreased oxygen in the blood
Dyspnea Difficult breathing
Tube is placed through the mouth to the trachea to establish an airway Endotracheal intubation
Airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis COPD
An opening or passage in bone where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave Foramen
Mandible, vomer, maxilla, and zygomatic are all bones located here Face
Lateral curvature of the spinal column Scoliosis
Shoulder blade Scapula
Wasting away (no development) of muscle Atrophy
Middle layer of the skin Dermis
Xer/o Dry
Absence of pigment in skin Albinism
Diaphoresis Profuse sweating
Pustule Small abscess
Band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate Cuticle
Hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails Keratin
Major skin pigment, formed by the melanocytes in the epidermis Melanin
Pertaining to an upper chamber of the heart Atrial
Absence of sensitivity to pain Analgesia
Grooves in the brain Sulci
Chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity Epilepsy
Biggest bone in the leg Femur
Finger bones Phalanges
Jawbone Mandible
Joint pain Arthritis
What does T,P,R represent? Temperature, pulse, respirations
What is a stat order? Right away
What is PT? Physical therapy
What is OT? Occupational therapy
What is an MA? Medical Assistant
What is a CNA? Certified Nurse's Aide
What is a normal blood pressure? 120/80
Clavicle Collarbone
Geriatric pertains to what type of people? Elderly
Cryogenic surgery Treating tissue with cold temperatures
What does FDA stand for? Food and Drug Administration
Treating everyone as if infected Universal precautions
What does IM stand for? Intramuscular
Where would you give an IM injection? Deltoid
Removal of the appendix Appendectomy
Removal of the tonsils Tonsillectomy
Inflammation of the gums Gingivitis
Absence of hair from areas where it normally grows Alopecia
Specialist in diseases of the skin Dermatologist
Dark, central portion of the eye Pupil
Flap of the ear, pinna Auricle
Ear wax Cerumen
Two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two distinct embryos Identical twins
Created by: mscardenas