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BHSWG concepts #4

BHSWG- Religion

QuestionAnswer
This belief system emphasizes the ability of human beings to guide their own lives HUMANISM
Something extraordinary, that inspires a sense of reverence and awe SACRED
This type of religion, practiced by most of the world, attempts to be global, appealing to all people, wherever they may live, and seeks to convert others to its belief system (ex. Christianity, Islam, Buddhism) UNIVERSALIZING RELIGION
This type of religion appeals to primarily one group of people living in one place (ex. Hinduism) ETHNIC RELIGION
This religion has the most number of followers, believes that faith in Jesus' death & resurrection brings forgiveness of sins and eternal life in heaven CHRISTIANITY
This religion is the fastest growing, began on the Arabian Peninsula, believes that the Prophet Muhammad was given the message of Allah expressed to Muslims in the Quran. Followers practice the 5 pillars in order to express their faith and obedience. ISLAM
This branch of Islam makes up the majority of Muslims SUNNI
This branch of Islam is found primarily in Iran but is only about 16% of Muslims worldwide SHIITES
This religion began on the Indian subcontinent, founded by Siddhartha Gautama. It diffused along the Silk Road and Indian Ocean reaching E. and S.E. Asia. It teaches meditation, the Eightfold Path, reincarnation, & striving to reach Nirvana BUDDHISM
Founded by Guru Nanak on the Indian sub-continent, this religion stresses the continual improvement and pursuit of perfection by taking responsibility for actions. Combines beliefs of Hinduism & Islam SIKHISM
This polytheistic religion has no known founder but developed in South Asia. Its sacred text is known as the Vedas and reincarnation is a foundational teaching of the religion. It also promotes a rigid social class system caled the Caste System. HINDUISM
One of the oldest monotheistic religions, followers believe Yahweh made a covenant with Abraham, they use the Hebrew Bible as their sacred text, and they were given over Palestine in the 1940s to establish their own country- Israel JUDAISM
Based on the 6th century teachings of Confucius in China, this East Asian philosophy does not worship any gods. They teach goodness, loyalty to family, humaneness, & virtue. Followers are to fulfill their role in society with honor. CONFUCIANISM
Native ethnic religion of Japan focuses on nature and reverence to one's ancestors SHINTOISM
The 3 branches of Christianity PROTESTANT, CATHOLIC, ORTHODOX
The demand for a strict adherence to specific theological doctrines, combined with a vigorous attack on outside threats to their religious culture FUNDAMENTALISM
Forced exodus from their land of origin (ex. Jews) DIASPORA
The belief that inanimate objects in nature have spirits and a conscious life and many times these objects are worshipped ANIMISM
The blending or mixing of religious beliefs to create a new belief system (ex. Christianity & African traditional religions) SYNCRETISM
Smaller religions practiced by more traditional societies, which are an integral part of culture and life, and many times are animistic in their belief system (ex. Africa) TRADITIONAL RELIGIONS
Belief in one God MONOTHEISTIC
Belief in many Gods POLYTHEISTIC
A form of government in which God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, the God's or deity's laws being interpreted by the governing authorities (priesthood). THEOCRACY
Belief that there is no supreme or higher power; usually coincides with the belief in evolution ATHEIST
Believes that the idea of God or a higher power is unknowable; does not absolutely deny God's existence as an atheist would AGNOSTIC
Another for a god DEITY
Pilgrimage (ex. to Mecca in Islam) HAJJ
a cycle of rebirth (into another living being) REINCARNATION
moral duty DHARMA
good deeds; actions according to one's dharma KARMA
a state of insight, calm, & joy NIRVANA
repetitive prayers & chants MANTRAS
another name for teacher GURU
domed shrines (ex. Buddhism) STUPAS
Created by: BHSWG