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Unit 10 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Archipelago a large group or chain of islands
Oceania the islands of the central and S Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. 23,400,000; about 3,450,000 sq. mi.
High Islands pacific islands created by volcanoes
Low Island pacific islands created by coral reefs
Great Barrier Reef a coral reef parallel to the coast of Queensland, in NE Australia. 1250 miles
Outback the back country or remote settlements; the bush
Voyaging Canoe a large ship developed by pacific islanders to sail the ocean
Outrigger Canoe a small ship used in the lagoons of islands where pacific islanders settled
Atoll a ring-shaped coral reef or a string of closely spaced small coral islands, enclosing or nearly enclosing a shallow lagoon.
Bikini Atoll the isolated reef located in the marshall islands of the central pacific that was the site of us nuclear bomb test consequently contaminating the atoll with high levels of radiation
Mandala a state organized as a ring of power around a central court which often changed in size over time and which was used instead of borders in early s.e asian countries
Khmer Empire a powrful empire that lasted roughly from the 9th century to the 15th century in what is now cambodia
Indochina a french colonycomprised of cambodia laos and vietnam it won its independence from france in 1954
Vietnam War a conflict, starting in 1954 and ending in 1975, between South Vietnam (later aided by the U.S., South Korea, Australia, the Philippines, Thailand, and New Zealand) and the Vietcong and North Vietnam.
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
Micronesia one of the three principal divisions of Oceania, comprising the small Pacific islands N of the equator and E of the Philippines, whose main groups are the Mariana Islands, the Caroline Islands, and the Marshall Islands.
Melanesia one of the three principal divisions of Oceania, comprising the island groups in the S Pacific NE of Australia.
Polynesia a subregion of Oceania, made up of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean.
Subsistance Activities an activity in which a family produces only enough goods to they themselves need
Copra is the dried meat, or kernel, of the coconut
Taro is a common name for the corms and tubers of several plants in the family Araceae
Penal Colony a settlement used to exile prisoners and separate them from the general populace by placing them in a remote location, often an island or distant colonial territory
Aboriginal People people who migrated to australia from asia at least 40000 yrs ago, he original settlers of the land
Maori the first settlers of New Zealand who had migrated from polynesia more than 1000 yrs ago
Treaty of Waitangi the treaty signed by the british and maori in 1840 giving britain control over new zealand
Pakeha a maori term for white peoples, for the new zealanders of european descent
Assimilation a process whereby a minority group gradually gives up its own cultrue and adopts the culture of a majority group
Stolen Generation in australia, what aboriginal people today call the 100,000 mixed-raced children who were taken by the government and given to whote families to promote assimilation
Land Rights Act of 1976 a special law passed for aboriginal rights in australia giving aboriginal people the right to claim land in the northern territory
Mabo Case the law case that upheld aborigianl eddie mabo's land claim by which the court recognized that aboriginal people ahd owned before the british arrived
Pastoral Leases a huge chunk of land still owned by the government
Wik Case the court rule in the case that aboriginal people could claim land held under a pastoral lease
Industrialization is the process of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial one
Push-Pull Factors factors that draws people to a new location or causes people to leave their home
Created by: zera