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East Asia Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Kunlan Mts mts located in the west of china that are the source of two of china's great rivers, the huang He (yellow) and the Chang Jiang (yangtze)
Qinling Shandi Mts mts in southeastern and eastcentral China; they divide the northen part of china from the southern part
Huang He a river in northern china, also called the yellow river. that starts in the kunlan mts and winds east for about 3000 mi emptying in to the yellow sea
Chang Jiang the longest river in asia flowing about 3900 mi from xizang to the east china sea
Xi Jiang also called the west river the river that flows eastward through southeast china and joins the pearl river to flow into the south china sea forming an estuary btwn hong kong and macoa
Typhoon a tropical storm like a hurricane that occurs in the western pacific
Taklimakan Desert desert located in western china btwn the tia shan and kunlan mts
Gobi Desert Desert located in n china and southeast mongolia and a prime area for finding dinosaur fossils
Three Gorges Dam a dam begun in in the late 20th century on the chang jiang in china to help control flooding generate power allows ships to sail farther into china
PCBs an industrial compound that accumulates in animal tissues and can cause harmful effects and birth defects; pcbs were banned in the u.s.
Landfill a method of solid waste disposal in which refuse is buried btwn layers of dirt in order to fill or reclaim low-laying ground
Dynasty a series of rulers in the same family
Spheres of infulence a method of dividing foreign control in china after the country was forced to sign a series of treaties granting special privlages to europe
Boxer Rebellion an uprising in china in 1900 spurred by angry chinese militants or Boxers over foreign control several hundred europeans, chritians, and chinese died
Mao Zedong the leader of the communists in china who defeated the nationalists in 1949 he died in 1976
Confucianism the system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct
Taoism the philosophical system evolved by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu, advocating a life of complete simplicity and naturalness and of noninterference with the course of natural events, in order to attain a happy existence in harmony with the Tao.
Buddhism a religion, Buddha holding that life is full of suffering caused by desire and that the way to end this suffering is through enlightenment that enables one to halt the endless sequence of births and deaths to which one is otherwise subject.
Economic Tiger a country with rapid ecnomic growth due to cheap labor high technology and agressive exports
Pacific Rim an economic and social region including the countries from the pacific ocean extending clockwise from new zealand in the western pacific to chile in the eastern pacific and including the west coast of the u.s.
Three Kingdoms thh kingdoms formed in the peninsula of korea by ad 300 - koguryo in the northeast paekche in the southwest and silla in the southeast
Seoul the largest city in south korea with a population of more than 10 mil people
Pyongyang the largest city in north korea with more than 2.5 mil people
Samurai a professional soldier in japan who served the interest of landowners and clan cheifs
Shogun the genreal of the emperors army with the powers of a military dictator a position created by the japanese emperor in 1192 after a struggle btwn 2 powerful clans
Ring Of fire the chain of volcanoes that lines the pacific rim
Great Kanto Earthquake AN EARTHQUAKE in 1923 in japan that killed about 140,000 people and left the city of tokyo in ruins
Tsunami a giant ocean wave caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption with great destructive power
UNICEF an international relief and watchdog for children
Global Economy the merging of regional economies in which nations become dependent on each other for goods and services
Jakota Triangle a zone of prosperity during the 1980s and early 1990s -japan, south korea and taiwan
Recession an extended period of decline in general business activity
Sweatshop a workplace where people work long hours for low pay under poor conditions to enrich manufacturers
Created by: zera