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25771 East Asia

Vocabulary for East Asia

QuestionAnswer
Kunlun Mountains ountains located in the west side of China that are the source of two of China's great rivers, the Huang He(yellow) and the Chang Jiang (Yangtze).
Qinling Shandi Mountains mountains in southeaster and east central China; they divide the northern part of China from the southern part
Huang He (hwang huh)a river in northern China, also called the Yellow River that starts in the Kunlun Mountains and winds east for about 3,000 miles, emptying into the Yellow Sea
Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) the longest river in Asia, flowing for about 3,900 miles from Xizang (Tibet) to the East China sea
Xi Jiang also called the West River,; the river that flows eastward through southeast China and joins the Pearl River (Zhu Jiang) to flow into the Spouth China Sea, forming an estuary between Hong Kong and Macao
typhoon a tropical stom, like a hurricane, that occurs in the western pacific
Taklimakan Desert a desert located ion western China between the Tian Shan and the Kunlun Mountains
Gobi Desert a desert located in southern China and southeast Mingolia, and a prime area for finding dinosaur fossils
Three Gorges Dam a dam begun in the late 20th century in the Chang Jiang in China , to help control flooding, generate power and and allow ships to sail further into China
PCBs an industrial compoundthat accumulates in animal tissue and can cause harmful effects and birth defects; PCBs were banned in the U.S. in 1977
landfill a method of solid waste disposal in which refuse is buried in layers of dirt in order to fill in or reclaim low-lying ground
dynasty a serieds of rulers from the same family
spheres of influence a method of dividing foreign control in China, after the country was forced to sign a series treaties granting specail privaleges to the Europeans. China was partitioned for control by Britain, France, Germany, and Russia, among others
Boxer Rebellion an uprising in China in 1900, spurred by angry Chinese militants, or Boxers, over foreign control; several hundred Europeans, Christians, and Chinese died
Mao Zedong the leader of the communists in China who defeated the nationalists in 1949; he died in 1976
Confucianism a movement based on the teachings of Confucious, a Chinese philosopher who
Taoism a philosophy based on the book of Tao Te Ching and the teachings of Lao Tzu, who lived in China in the 6th cent BC & believed in keeping & restoring harmony in the individual, with nature, and in the universe, with little interference from the government
Buddhism a religion that originated in India about 500 B.C. and spread to China, where it grew into a major religion by 400B.C.
economic tiger a country with rapid economic growth due to cheap labor, high technology, and aggresive exports
Pacific Rim an economic and social region including the surrounding Pacific Ocean extending clockwise from New Zealand in trhe western pacific to Chile in the eastern pacific including the west coast of the United States
Three Kingdoms the kingdoms formed in the penisula of Korea in 300 B.C. -Kurguyo in the northeast, Paekche in the southwest, and Silla in the southeast
Seoul the largest city in South Korea, with a population of more than ten million
Pyongyang the largest city in North Korea, with more than 2.5 million people
samurai a professional soldier in Japan who served the interests of landowners and clan chiefs
shogun the general of an emporer's army with the powers of a military dictator, a position created by the Japanese emperor in 1192 after a struggle between two powerful clans
Ring of Fire the chain of volcanoes that lines the pacific rim
Great Kanto earthquake an eatrhquake in 1923 in Japan that killed an estimated 140,000 people and left Tokyo in ruins
tsunami a giant ocean wave, caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption, with great destructive power
UNICEF an international watchdog and relief organization for children
global economy the merging of regional economies in which nations become dependent on eachother for goods and services
Jakota Triangle a zone of prosperity during the 1980s and early 1990s - Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan
recession an extended period of decline in general business activity
sweatshop a workplaces where people work long hours for low pay under poor conditrions to enrich manufacturers
Created by: 25771mcr