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Geography STAAR 3

Oskooi - World Geography - Category 3

QuestionAnswer
Culture Way of life common to a group of people
Multiculturalism blending of several different cultures
Culture elements/ traits Language, religion/belief, institutions (education), customs, technologies, land use
Institutions Complex social organizations such as governments, economies, and education systems
Customs Common practices followed by people of a particular group or region
Land use Various ways humans use the land such as agricultural, industrial, residential, or recreational
Social Anything to do with people, culture, society
Animism Polytheistic faith based on the belief that many things in nature have their own spirit
Hinduism Faith originating in India based on the belief that a person’s karma (behavior in life) impacts their reincarnation (rebirth) in their next life; holy text: Upanishads and the Bhagavad-Gita
Buddhism Faith originating in Nepal, based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, including belief that following the Eight-Fold Path and the Four Noble Truths will lead to Nirvana (absolute peace)
Judaism Monotheistic faith originating in Israel, based on the teaching of Abraham and Moses, including the Ten Commandments; holy text: Torah (First 5 books of the Old Testament in the Bible)
Christianity Monotheistic faith originating in Israel, based on the teaching of Abraham, Moses, and Jesus Christ, including a belief that Jesus is the son of God and died for human salvation; holy text: the Bible (Old and New Testament)
Islam Monotheistic faith originating in Saudi Arabia, based on the teaching of Mohammad, including the Five Pillars; holy text: Qu’ran
Sikhism Monotheistic faith originating in the Punjab region of India, based on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and Guru Gobind Singh Ji, includes valuing equality
Ethnicity a social group that shares a common national or cultural heritage
Caste hereditary social group ranked by degree of spiritual purity along with occupation and/or economic position
Under-represented populations groups of people with limited political and economic power
Convergence Occurs when a group accepts or adopts elements of culture from a different group or region
Divergence Occurs when a group isolates elements of culture due to physical or human characteristics
Genocide The systematic killing of an entire race or ethnic group of people (i.e. Hutus in Africa, Jews during Holocaust)
Terrorism Acts of violence designed to promote a specific ideology or agenda by creating panic among an enemy population
Created by: Crackalack