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History Exam

Feudalism, Castles, and Manors

What is an elite group that governs? hierarchy
What is the system of economic and political organization in which landholding lords granted lands to vassals in return for service and homage? feudalism
What are landholdings called that were granted by a lord to a vassal in a feudal system? feifs
What is a warrior on horseback called, especially one who had served an apprenticeship and followed a strict code of conduct? knight
What is a feudal lord or sovereign entitled to allegiance called? liege
What is the act of forfeiting? forfeiture
What is a landed estate and its main residence called? manor
Who are people that are held in servitude on a Lord's land and who may be sold or otherwise transferred with the land? serfs
Who is a person who rules, especially on the basis of property rights? lord
Who were people that were granted the use of land in return for allegience and service to the fuedal lord? vassals
What is special respect, honor, or esteem that is publicly displayed or expressed? homage
In feudalism, what were the three divisions of people in society? priests, lords, and peasants
What is the military order in the Middle Ages, where the members (called knights) were pledged to the protection of the Church and the help of all who were in distress or in anyway oppressed? Chivalry
What expresses all that was required of those who were bound by the obligations of chivalry? Noblesse oblige
What are the five Ideals of Chivalry? Service, Loyalty, Fearlessness for right, Integrity in word and deed, Consideration for the needy and distressed
What is the first title a boy is training to be when he is sent to a great Lord for education? A page
What does a page's education consist of? manners, reading/writing, stories of heroes, music, etc.
What is the second title a boy is training to be when he is sent to a great Lord for education? A squire
What does a squire's education consist of? learning to tilt and use a lance, sword, and battle-axe
What do some men never become knights? they were not rich enough or they did not have the love of adventure or the heart that would drive men to knightly deeds
How many combatants were in a joust? 2
What was it called when many combatants jousted on two separate sides? A tournament
What type of jousting used lances that had blunt tips and swords with sharp edges but weren't pointed? Jouste a plaisance (Joust for pleasure)
What type of jousting used sharp weapons and the fight was to the death? Jouste a outrance (Joust for exercise)
Name four reasons why tournaments were held. (1) for festivity (2) to mimic warfare (3) to demonstrate prowess (4) for knights to impress the ladies they served
What is the name of the space where tournaments were held? a list
What is the name of the rope that stretches the length of the list and hung with tapestry and knights fought with it between them? toile
What was the language spoken in Provence that was rich in lyric poetry? Langue d' Oc
Who is a person that travelled far and wide and played the lute, harp, bagpipes, hurdy-gurdy, rebec, psaltery, dulcimer, guitar, and symbols? a minstrel
Name four instruments that a minstrel could play. Any 4 of these: harp, bagpipes, guitar, symbols, hurdy-gurdy, rebec, psaltery, dulcimer, and lute
What did a Jongluer do besides play instruments? juggler's tricks, acrobatics, and imitate all kinds of animals
What did a Troubadour do besides play instruments? sing poetry
Created by: CooperLane