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HHS Endocrine System

diagnostic, symptomatic and therapeutic

Hyposecretion under production
Hypersecretion over production
Cretinism Hypothyroidism in infants
Myxedema Hypothyroidism in adults
Graves Disease hyperthyroidism
exopthalmos protruding eyes
Goiter enlarged thyroid
Addison Disease deficiency of cortical hormones
Cushing Syndrome Excessive amounts of cortisol and ACTH in the blood
Type 1 Diabetes body does not produce sufficient insulin
Type 2 Diabetes Body is deficient in producing sufficient insulin; Body is resistant to insulin action in target cells
Hyperglycemia excessive glucose in the blood
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) Caused by too little insulin, failure to follow a prescribed diet, physical or emotional stress or undiagnosed diabetes
Gestational Diabetes Diabetes develops during pregnancy
Acromegaly Chronic metabolic disorder characterized by a gradual, marked enlargement and thickening of the bones and the face and jaw
Diuresis Increased formation and secretion of urine
Glucosuria Presence of glucose in the urine or abnormal amount of sugar in the urine
Hypercalcemia excessive calcium in the blood
Hyperkalemia excessive potassium in the blood
Hypervolemia excessive blood volume
Hyponatremia abnormal condition of low sodium in the blood
Thyroid Storm Crisis of uncontrolled hyperthyroidism caused by the release into the bloodstream of increased amount of thyroid hormone
Virile Masculine or having characteristics of a man
Virilism Masculinization in a woman or development of male secondary sex characteristics in the women
Exopthalmometry Test that measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball
Fasting Blood Glucose Test that measures blood glucose levels after a 12-hour fast
Glucose Tolerance Test Test that measures the body's ability to metabolize carbohydrates by administering a standard dose of glucose and measuring glucose levels in the blood and urine at regular intervals
Insulin Tolerance Test Test that determines insulin levels in serum by administering insulin and measuring blood glucose levels in blood at regular intervals
Thyroid function Test (TFT) Test that detects an increase or decrease in thyroid function
Thyroid Scan After injection of a radioactive substance, a scanner detects radioactivity and visualizes the thyroid gland
Microneurosurgery of the pituitary gland Microdissection of a tumor using a binocular surgical microscope for magnification
Parathyroidectomy Excision of one or more of the parathyroid gland, usually to control hyperparathyroidism
thymectomy Excision of the thymus gland
thyroidectomy Excision of the thyroid gland