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CNA chapt 8 & 9


Atrophy Decreasing of muscle mass, wasting of muscle tissue.
Contracture Shortening of the muscles from activity.
Ankylosed Condition in which joints become very stiff, unmovable, and frozen.
Edema Swelling of joints
Ambulation WALKING, or moving about in a upright postion
Range of Motion Extent to which a joint can be moved before causing pain.
Passive Done for the patient
Active Dione by the resident
Adduction to move an arm of leg toward the center of the body
Abduction to move an arm or leg away from the center of the body.
Active range of motion should be done when? 3 times daily with each motion being repeated 2-3 each
The positive affects of walking -Joints are extended and moved -Urinary and digestive systems work better -Muscles are strengthened -Pressure on certain body parts are relieved -Weight is borne on the large bones -Independence is increased -Circulation is stimulated
Alignment to put in a straight line
How is a Trochanter roll made by rolling up a towel or small blanket
Where is a Trochanter roll placed Against the hip
What does a Trochanter roll prevent External rotation of the hip
Supine (face up) -Face up -Pillow under head only -Arms out -Legs spread
Simisupine (tilt) -on side, top leg back
Semiprone -on side top leg forward
Prone -on tummy, no pillow, head to side, swimming, toes off end of bed.
Fowlers Semi-sitting positions, with head raised
Carbohydrates bread, cereals, pasta, potatoes, sugar, fruits, milk, vegetables, nuts
Proteins Animal meat, milk, eggs, cheese, poultry
Fats Lard, vegetable fats, oil, and butter
C (ascorbic acid) Fresh, raw citrus fruits, and vegetables. Oranges, grapefruit, cantaloupe, strawberries, tomatoes, raw onions, cabbage, green and sweet peppers, dark green vegetables
Iron Egg yolk, meat, especially liver & kidney. Deep yellow & dark green vegetables, potatoes, dried fruits, whole-grain products, enriched flour, bread, cereals
Calcium Milk and milk products, dark green vegetables, canned salmon
List the 4 food groups Dairy, Vegetables & fruit, meat & fish, bread, cereal & potato
Dairy 2-3 Servings
vegetables 3-5 servings
Fruit 2-4 servings
Meat & Fish 2-3 servings
Bread, Cereal & potato 6-11 servings
All long term care facilities must have A dietician on staff.
If the resident ate half of the food on the plate they did not necessarily receive half the calories
Therapeutic pertaining to or effective in treatment of disease
Hypertension High blood pressure
Resident with heart disease or hypertension will be on a diet of salt free or salt restriction
Nasogastric tube Tube inserted through the nose and into the stomach
Gastronomy tube tube inserted directly into the stomach for purposes of providing food, water, medication for a resident who is unable to swallow
Parenterally Through a tube inserted into a vein or into the atrium of the heart
Feces=stool=? BM
Diarrhea semi fluid feces
Constipation buildup of fecal material in the large intestine
Created by: 1406530377