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Ch. 9 Changing Times

VA History

What caused Northern Virginia to experience a growth in cities and towns? There was an increase in Federal Government jobs in the area.
What was the main reason people moved from rural to urban areas? Economic Opportunities
Who was the first African American to be elected state governor? L. Douglas Wilder
What policy did Virginia's government establish to fight against school desegregation? Massive Resistance
Why did Virginia's agricultural society change during the twentieth century? 1) Low crop prices 2) Old systems of farming were no longer effective
Who was a civil rights spokesperson and the first African American to win a major tennis singles championship? Arthur Ashe, Jr.
What is separating people based on race? Segregation
What is the equality of all races in the use of parks, schools, and libraries called? Integration
What is one technological development that helped cities grow? Roads
Maggie L. Walker was the first African American woman to become what? A Bank President
Who led the Massive Reistance Movement in Virginia? Harry F. Byrd, Sr.
What industry spurred the growth of towns and cities in southwest Virginia? Coal Mining
Much of the 20th Century growth of the Coastal Plain Region was due to what? Computer technology
What did the U.S. Supreme Court rule in the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education? "Separate but equal" public schools were unconstitutional
What major products are produced in the Coastal Plain Region? 1) seafood 2) peanuts
How many branches of government does Virginia have? 3
What industries characterize the Piedmont Region? 1) Horse Industry 2) Farming (Agriculture) 3) Federal and State Governments
Who heads the executive branch of Virginia's state Government? The Governor
What 20th Century President of the United States wrote a plan for world peace? Woodrow Wilson
Who was a lawyer and civil rights leader who played an important role in the court decision of Brown v. Board of Education? Oliver W. Hill, Sr.
What is the role of the Executive Branch? enforce laws
Where are the industries of shipbuilding, tourism, and military bases found? Coastal Plain (Tidewater) Region
Why does the Federal Government have a significant impact on Virginia's economy? Many Federal workers live and work in Virginia
What product does the Valley and Ridge and Blue Ridge Mountains both produce? Apples
What branch of the government is the General Assembly part of? Legislative Branch
What is the main industry and product of the Appalacian Plateau? Coal
The Judicial branch of government is the states what? Court System
What is the main industry in the Valley and Ridge Region? Farming
What is the power of the Legislative branch? To make state laws
Which governor of Virginia appointed more African Americans and women to positions in State Government than previous governors? A. Lindwood Holton
Created by: Mrs. Miller