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MedTerm Quiz 12

Digestive system

An/o anus
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
bar/o weight
chol/e bile, gall
cholecysto/o gall bladder
col/o colon
colon/o colon
dent/o tooth
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gums
gloss/o tongue
hepat/o liver
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
labi/o lip
lapar/o abdomen
lingu/o tongue
lith/o stone
odont/o tooth
or/o mouth
pancreat/o pancreas
pharyng/o throat or pharynx
prot/o anus and rectum
rect/o rectum
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
choledoch/o common bile duct
-emesis vomitting
-lithiasis condition of stones
-orexia appetite
-pepsia digestion
-phagia eat, swallow
-prandial pertaining to a meal
-tripsy surgical crushing
anal pertaining to the anus
appendectomy removal of the appendix
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
cholecystectomy removal of the gallbladder
cholecystogram record of the gallbladder
cholecystic pertaining to the gallbladder
cholecystalgia gallbladder pain
colectomy removal of the colon
colostomy creating an opening in the colon
colorectual pertaining to the colon and rectum
colonscope instrument to view the colon
dental pertaining to the teeth
dentalgia tooth pain
duodenal pertaining to the the duodenum
enteric pertaining to the small intestine
enteritis small intestine inflammation
esophageal pertaining to the esophagus
esophagectasis dialated esophagus
gastralgia stomach pain
gastric stomach pain
geastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
gastroenterologist stomach and small intestine specialist
gastromalacia softening of the stomach
nasogastric pertaining to the nose and stomach
gastrostomy create an opening in the stomach
gastroscope instrument to view the inside of the stomach
gastritis stomach inflammation
gastrectomy removal of the stomach
gingivitis inflammation of the gums
glassal pertaining to the tongue
heatitis inflammation of the liver
hepatoma liver tumor
hepatic pertaining to the liver
ileostomy to create an opening in the ileum
laparotomy incision in the abdomen
laparoscope instrument to view inside the abdomen
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
orthodonic pertaining to straigh teeth
periodonic pertaining to around the teeth
oral pertaining to the mouth
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
pancreatic pertaining to the pancreas
pharyngeal pertaining to the pharynx or throat
pharyngoplasty surgical repair of the the throat
protologist anus and rectum specialist
proctopexy surgical fixation of the rectum and anus
rectal pertaining to the rectum
sigmoidoscope instrument to view inside the sigmoid colon
hematemesis vomitting blood
anorexia absence of appetite
bradypepsia slow digestion
aphagia unable to swallow or eat
dysphagia difficulty swallowing/eating
postprandial after a meal
ascites accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
bowel incontinence inability to control defecation
constipation difficulty in defecation or infrequent defecation
dental caries tooth cavity
denture artificial teeth
diarrhea frequent watery bowel movements
emesis vommitting
gastroenterology the study of stomach and small intestine
jaundice yellow cast tot he skin
nausea the urge to vomit
orthodontics dentistry concerned with straightening of the teeth
perodintics dentistry concerned with conditions of the gums
protology branch of medicine concerned with rectum and anus
regurgitation return of fluids and solids from the stomach to the mouth
periodontal disease disease of the supporting structures of the teeth such as the gums and bones
Crohn's disease chronic inflammatory bowel disease (autoimmune)
dysentery severe abdominal pain, fever and dehydration caused by ingestion of contaminated food or water by chemicals, bacteria, protozoans, or parasites
hemorrhoids varicose veins in the rectum
inguinal hernia hernia or protrusion of a loop of small intestine
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) disturbance in the functions of the intestine from unknown causes
uncerative colitis chronic inflammatory condition of the colon causing ulcers
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
cholelithiasis presence of gall stones
cirrhosis chronic disease of the liver causing it to not function properly
hepatitis inflammation of the liver caused by viral infection
fecal occult blood test (FOBT) to determine if blood is present in the fecal material
ova & parasites examination of feces for parasites or their eggs
lower gastrointestinal series xray of the colon and rectum after barium is admistered
upper gastrointestian series (UGI) xray of esophagus, stomach and duodenum after oral barium is admistered
colonoscopy procedure using a colonscope to veiw the colon
esophagogastroduodenoscopy use of flexible endoscope to visually examine the esophagus, stomach and duodenum
gastroscopy gastroscope is passed by the mouth down the esophagus to veiw the stomach
laparoscopy laparoscope is passed through a small incision in the abdomin wall to visually examine inside the peritoneal/abdominal cavity
sigmoidoscopy sigmoidoscope is used to visually examine the sigmoid colon
gavage using a NG tube to place liquid nurishment directly in the stomach
lavage use of a NG tube to wash out the stomach
nasogastric intubation (NG tube)flexible catheter inserted in the nose and down the esophagus to the stomach
total parenteral nutrition (TPN)providing 100% of a patients nutrition intravenously
anastomosis to surgically create a connection between two organs or vessels
colostomy surgical opening in the colon
exploratory laparatomy abdominal operation for the purpose of examining the abdominal organs
hemorrhoidectomy removal of hemorrhoids
antacid used to neutralize stomach acid
antidiarrheal used to control diarrhea
antiemtic used to control nausea, motion sickness and vommitting
laxative treats constipation
ac before meals
BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
BS bowel sounds
FOBT fecal occult blood test
GB gall bladder
BI gastrointestinal
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
NG nasogastric tube
NPO nothing by mouth
n&v nausea and vomitting
O&P ova and parasites
pc after meals
PO by mouth
pp postprandial
TPN total parenternal nutrition
UGI upper gastrointestinal series
Created by: lynette.thorpe