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JB Anata & Phys

Body Systems terminology

anabolism production and maintenance of living tissue
carbohydrates organic compounds used by the body to produce heat and energy
catabolism transformation or breaking down of substances for energy production
element one type of atom, such as hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), and carbon (C), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), sodium (Na), chloride (Cl), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), or Nitrogen (N)
Homeostasis the body's system of checks and balances to maintain a constant internal environment
Hydrolysis dissolution of substances by water
hypertonic solution one with greater concentration then found in cells thereby increasing osmotic pressure
hypotonic solution one less concentrated the body cells thereby decreasing osmotic pressure
isotonic solution same concentration of body cells (0.9% NaCl) and therefore the same osmotic pressure
lipids (fats) organic coupounds that are insoluble in water and are used by the body for heat and energy
metabolism sum of all chemicals and physical activity of living tissue
molecule two or more elements formed by a reaction, such as water (H2O), sodium chloride (KCl), or carbon dioxide(CO2)
PH scale a scale of 1-14 to measure acidity (below 7.0) and alkalinity (over 7.0)
proteins organic living compounds necessary to build and repair tissue
solution homogeneous mixture of substances (solutes) in a dissolving medium (solvant) such as water
synthesis putting together of molecules
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