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Eyes & Ears

The Eyes & Ears, Ch.12&13

ophthalm/o, or ocul/o eye(s)
ophthalmic pertaining to an eye
ophthalmologist a specialist in the study of the eyes
-algia pain
ophthalmalgia a condition of pain in an eye
intraocular pertaining to within an eye
endophthalmitis inflammation of an eye's inner layer
ophthalmorrhagia a rapid flow of blood from an eye
-rrhagia rapid flow of blood
ophthalmopathy a disease condition of an eye
ocular prosthesis an artificial eye
ophthalmoscope a lighted instrument used to view an eye
-orrhea flow
ophthalmoscopy the process of viewing an eye with a lighted instrument
oculomycosis an abnormal condition of an eye caused by a fungus
binocular pertaining to two (bin-) eyes
blephar/o eyelid(s)
blepharitis inflammation of an eyelid
blepharoplasty surgical repair of an eyelid
blepharoptosis drooping or sagging (prolapse)(-ptosis) of an eyelid
conjuctiv/o conjunctiva(e -plural)mucous membrane lining of an eyelid
conjuctivitis inflammation of a conjunctiva AKA pinkeye
scler/o sclera(e)is the opaque portion of an eye
opaque means light will not pass through it
scleritis inflammation of a sclera
sclerotomy surgical incision of a slera
sclerostomy a new or artificial opening into a sclera
corne/o, or kerat/o cornea(s)
A cornea is the transparent portion of a sclera
Transparent means light will pass through it
corneal abrasion pertaining to a scraped or scratched cornea
A corneal abrasion is commonly caused by a Foreign Body (FB)
keratitis inflammation of a cornea
keratoplasty surgical repair of a cornea
sclerokeratitis inflammation of a sclera and cornea
keratometer an instrument to measure a cornea
iri/o, or irid/o iris(es) are the colored portion of an eye (and is covered by the cornea)
iritis inflammation of an iris
iridectomy excision of section of an iris
iridosclerotomy a surgical incision of an iris and sclera
iridoplegia paralysis of an iris
-plegia paralysis
corneoiritis inflammation of a cornea and iris
cor/o, or core/o, or pupill/o pupil(s)
A pupil is an opening (os, orifice, meatus) in the center of an iris
pupillary pertaining to a pupil
pupillometer an instrument used to measure a pupil
leukocoria a condition of a white pupil
The pupils have the ability to enlarge (increase) in size is called pupillary dilation (low light)
The pupils have the ability to decrease in size is called pupillary constriction (high light)
retin/o retina(e)
the function of each retina is to perceive light
photo- light
photoretinitis inflammation of a retina caused by extreme light
retinopathy disease condition of a retina
retinoblastoma tumor or mass of a retina
retinal detachment separation of a retina from an eye
cryoretinopexy surgical fixation of a retina by freezing
cry/o freezing
retinitis pigmentosa a genetic degeneration of the retinae
phac/o crystalline lens(es)
The purpose of each crystalline lens is to reflect light on the retinae
relection means to bend (focus) light
phacocele herniation of a (crystalline) lens
dacry/o or lacrim/o tear
dacryoadenitis inflammation of a lacrimal (tear) gland
lacrimate to produce tears (cry)
nasolacrimal pertaining to the nose and lacrimal(tear) duct(s)
dacryocystorhinostomy artificial opening between a lacrimal(tear) sac(bladder (cyst/o)) and the nose
dacryocystotomy surgical incision of a (lacrimal) tear sac(bladder)
dacryocystitis inflammation of a (lacrimal) tear sac (bladder)
opt/o or -opia vision
optometrist or optician a specialist in the measurement of vision
optic pertaining to vision
optometer an instrument used to measure vision
optomyometer an instrument to measure the muscles of vision
emmetropia (emmetropic) (Em) normal vision
hyperopia (hyperopic) farsightedness (can see things clearly far away)
myopia (myopic) nearsightedness (can see things clearly near/close up)
nyctalopia (nyctalopic) poor vision at night AKA night blindness
presbyopia (presbyopic) impaired vision as a result of aging
diplopia a condition of double vision
strabismus deviation of the eyes in different directions
exotropia (exotropic) an eye deviates outward AKA "wall-eyed"
esotropia (esotropic) an eye deviates inward AKA "cross-eyed"
hypertropia (hypertropic) an eye deviates upward
hypotropia (hypotropic) an eye deviates downward
hyper- far, up
hypo- down,
amblyopia (amblyopic) poor vision associated with strabismus AKA "lazy eye syndrome"
orthoptic training eye exercises designed to correct strabismus
strabotomy surgical incision of muscle or tendon of an eye to correct strabismus
enucleation surgical removal of an eye
photophonia (photophobic) sensitivity to light
orbits the bony cavities of the cranium (skull) that contains and protects the eyeballs
papilledema swellling and inflammation of an optic nerve indicative of increased IntraCranial Pressure(ICP)
nystagmus an involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeballs
fluorescein angiography the process of recording (X-rays) the blood vessels of an eye after IntraVenous(I.V.) injection of a radiopaque dye
peripheral vision lateral vision when looking straight ahead
cataract clouding (opacity) of a lens
phacoemulsification the use of an ultrasonic needle probe to break up and aspirate an opaque lens. http://www.thecoplow.co.uk/cataract/surgery.html
glaucoma abnormally increased IntraOcular Pressure(IOP)
Glaucoma can damage the retinae(plural) and lead to permanent blindness
tonometer an instrument to measure IntraOcular Pressure(IOP)
Tonometry is a test for glaucoma
chalazion obstruction of a sebaceous(oil) gland of an eyelid
sty (hordeolum) infection of a sebaceous(oil) gland of an eyelid
Visual Acuity (VA) the ability of the eye(s) to focus
Snellen eye chart block letters in successive lines of decreasing size used to check visual acuity
astigmatism (Ast) defective curvature of a lens
LASIK Laser Assisted in Situ Keratoplasty (Tx(treatment) for myopia(nearsightedness))
PhotoRefractive Keratectomy(PRK) laser surgery to correct myopia(nearsightedness)
Radial Keratotomy(RK) surgery to correct myopia(nearsightedness)
Conductive Keratoplasty (CK) surgery using radio waves to correct hyperopia(farsightedness)
Implantable Collamer Lens(ICL) prosthetic lens surgically implanted to correct myopia
DR Diabetic Retinoplasty
O.D. right eye or OverDose (D..drive with right hand)
O.S. left eye (S..signal with left hand)
O.U. both eyes
PEARRLA Pupils Equal And Round, React to Light + Accommodation
Accommodation means the ability to focus
REM Rapid Eye Movement
REM sleep signals the onset of dreaming
VA Visual Acuity (ability of the eyes to focus), Veterans Administration
VF Visual Field
ot/o, aur/i, aur/o ear
Otitis Media (OM) inflammation of a middle ear
otalgia a condition of ear pain
otomycosis an abnormal condition of fungus in an ear
otitis externa inflammation of an outer(external) ear
otopyorrhea purulent(pus) discharge(flow) from an ear
otoscope a lighted instrument to view an ear
otologist a specialist in the study of the ears
otorhinolaryngologist(ENT) a specialist in the study of the Ears, Nose, and Throat
aural pertaining to an ear
auricle the outer cartilaginous flap of an ear AKA a pinna
myring/o, tympan/o tympanic membrane AKA eardrum
myringitis or tympanitis inflammation of a tympanic membrane(eardrum)
myringotomy surgical incision of a tympanic membrane(eardrum)
tympanorrhexis rupture(-rrhexis) of a tympanic membrane(eardrum)
tympanoplasty surgical repair of an eardrum(tympanic membrane)
tympanometer an instrument to measure the function of an eardrum(tympanic membrane)
tympanometry the process of measuring the function of an eardrum(tympanic membrane)
acous/o, audi/o hearing
acoustic neuroma tumor or mass of an acoustic(auditory) nerve
audiometer or acoumeter an instrument to measure hearing
audiometry the process of measuring hearing
audiogram a record of hearing
audiologist a specialist in the study of hearing
labyrinth/o labyrinth
Each labyrinth is found in the inner ear and aids in balance & equilibrium
labyrinthitis inflammation of a labyrinth
labyrinthectomy excision of a labyrinth
cochle/o cochlea
the function of each cochlea is to perceive sound vibrations
cochlear implant a prosthetic device designed to treat deafness caused by a dysfunctional cochlea
auditory ossicles 3 bones of the middle ear
The names of these Auditory Ossicles are 1.Malleus(hammer) 2.Incus(anvil) 3.Stapes(stirrup)
oval window where a staples connects to a cochlea
Eustachian Tubes bilateral tibes(ducts, vessels) that connect each middle ear to the pharynx(throat)
The purpose of the Eustachian tubes is to equalize pressure and prevent tympanorrhexis
mastoiditis inflammation of a mastoid bone
mastoid bone a cranial bone located posterior to an external auditory meatus(os, orifice)
Each mastoid bone can transmit(conduct) vibrations to the cochleas to aid in hearing
otomastoiditis inflammation of an ear and mastoid bone
mastoidotomy surgical incision of a mastoid bone
mastoidectomy excision of a mastoid bone
ceruminoma tumor or mass of the glands that secrete cerumen(earwax)
anacusis deafness
presbycusis hearing impairment related to aging
decibel a unit of measurement for the loudness of sound
tinnitus ringing or buzzing of the ear(s)
tuning fork a dignostic instrument to measure hearing
conduction impairment dysfunction of the structures of an ear that effect vibration(conduction) transmission
Meniere's disease a disorder of the labyrinths that leads to progressive loss of hearing, vertigo(dizziness), and tinnitus(ringing in the ears)
A.D. right ear
A.S. left ear
A.U. both ears
HOH Hard Of Hearing
PET Pressure Equalization Tube(s) or Positron Emission Tomography
Created by: Patti Belfi Reed Patti Belfi Reed