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GI Geography

For the test April 18th

1. How many dimensions does a globe have? How many does a map have? Globe = 3, map = 2
2. What is one way you can identify a Mercator map projection? It is square
3. What is one way you can identify a Robinson map projection? It has curved sides
4. What’s the difference between a physical and political map? Physical = natural things like mountains and rivers Political = manmade borders
5. What’s the difference between small and large scale maps? Small scale = zoom out Large scale = zoom in
6. What’s the difference between lines of latitude and lines of longitude? Latitude = run east and west Longitude = run north and south
7. On a contour map, how can you tell if there is a steeper elevation? The lines are closer together
8. What is decolonization in your own words? The end of colonization (one country controlling another)
9. Which continent was almost completely colonized by Europe in the late 1800s? Africa
10. What does most of the Western world call Southwest Asia? The Middle East
11. List the three factors that impact a country’s economic development. Urban/rural ratio GDP per capita Educational achievement (Skilled workers)
12. How can a country’s rural/urban ratio help someone understand its level of economic development? Higher urban population = more developed
13. In your own words, what is GDP per capita? Average family income
14. In your own words, what is literacy? Being able to read and write
15. In your own words, what is life expectancy? The average lifespan of people in an area
16. What system do most countries use to calculate population density? Population by square kilometer
17. What’s the difference between urban and rural? Urban = city Rural = country
18. Compared to developing countries, developed countries usually have ________ population growth, ______, literacy rates, ___________ old people, _______ life expectancies, ________ infant mortality rates and a ______ # of people living in urban areas. Lower, higher, more, higher, lower, greater Lower infant mortality rates Higher urban population
19. List at least three developed countries. USA, England, South Korea
20. List at least three developing countries. China, Brazil, South Africa
21. What is a landlocked country? A country that does not have access to an ocean
22. Why would a landlocked country probably be less developed that a non-landlocked country? Trade can be slowed because it is harder to trade on land.
23. Name at least one landlocked country. Bolivia
24. In your own words, define migration. When people move from one place to another permanently
25. In your own words, define immigration. People arriving at a new place to stay permanently
26. In your own words, define emigration. People leaving a place permanently
27. What’s the difference between a push and a pull factor? Push = make people want to leave an area Pull = make people want to come to an area
28. List at least four push factors. Overpopulation Lack of jobs Religious persecution War
29. List at least four pull factors. Religious freedom Economic opportunity Good land Family ties
30. What is the reason for the immigration of most Latin Americans, Africans and Asians to the United States? Lack of jobs
31. Why does land become less fertile over time? It loses nutrients each time it is farmed
32. In your own words, define desertification. When the desert overtakes other land types
33. In your own words, define deforestation. When forests are destroyed over a large area
34. In what ways can immigration impact a culture? Can change language, religion, art
35. What part of China is more heavily populated? The east, near the coast
36. When looking at a map, where will the most densely populated cities probably be? Near major sources of water
37. What’s the difference between capital and natural resources? Capital = money and things to sell Natural = things from the Earth
38. List at least three reasons why a population growth would occur. Better medicine Less education Women do not have jobs
39. Why would education cause a country’s population growth rate to drop? More educated people = less farming Less farming = no need for many children
40. In China, if you have more than one child, what happens? You must pay a fine
41. If many of your country’s women have jobs, what can be said of your country’s population growth rate? It is probably dropping
Created by: rockcastle