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Chapter 5 Rome

Who were the Etruscan? The Etruscans were a people who inhabited early Italy.
What is a republic? A republic is a system of government in which officials are chosen by the people.
What is a patrician? A patrician in ancient Rome, member of the landholding upper class.
What is a consul? A consul in ancient Rome, official from the patrician class who supervised the government and commanded the armies.
Who is a dictator? A dictator is a ruler who has complete control over a government; in ancient Rome, a leader appointed to rule for six months in times of emergency.
Who is a plebeian? A plebeian in ancient Rome, member of the lower class, including farmers, merchants, artisans, and traders.
Who is a tribune? A tribune in ancient Rome, official who was elected by the plebeians to protect their interests.
What is a veto? A veto is to block a government action.
What is a legion? A legion is a basic unit of the ancient Roman army, made up of about 5,000 soliders
What does Pax Romana? "Roman Peace"`
What is imperialism? Imperialism is the domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region.
What is a latitudina? A latifundia is huge estates brought up by newly wealthy Roman citizens.
Who was Tiberius Gracchus? Tiberius Gracchus was elected tribune in 133 B.C., called on the state to distribute land to poor families.
Who was Galius Gracchus? Galius Gracchus was elected tribune ten years after his brother, sought a wider range of reforms, including the using of public funds to buy grain to feed the poor.
Who was Julius Caesar? Julius Caeser was an ambitious military commander. He dominated Roman politics.
Who was Augustus? Augustus was the exalted one who declared him princeps, or first citizen.
What is a census? A census is a population count.
Who was Hadrian? Hadrian codified Roman law, making it the same for all provinces.
Who was Virgil? Virgil wrote the epic poem Aeneid, he tried to show that Rome's past was as heroic as of Greece.
What is a stririze? Strizie is to make fun of Roman society.
What is mosaic? Mosaic is a picture made from chips of colored stone or glass.
What is engineering? Engineering is the application of science and mathematics to develop useful structures and machines.
What is an aqueduct? Aqueducts are bridge-like stone structures that carried water from hills into Roman cities.
Who is Ptolemy? Ptolemy was an astronomer-mathematician who proposed his theory that Earth was the center of the universe.
What was a messiah? A messiah is a savior sent from God.
Who was an apostle? A apostle is a leader or teacher of a new faith or movement.
Who was Paul? Paul was a Jew from Asia Minor, he played the most influential role in the spreading of Christianity.
What is a martyr? A martyr is a person who suffers or dies for his or her beliefs.
Who was Constantine? Constantine was the emperor who issue the Edict of Milan.
What is a clergy? A clergy is a body of people who conduct Christian services.
What is a bishop? A bishop is a high-ranked Church official with authority over a local area, or diocese.
What is a patriarch? A patriarch in ancient Rome empires, is the highest church official in a major city.
What is a pope? A pope is the head of the Roman Catholic Church; in ancient Rome, bishop of Rome who claimed authority over all other bishops.
What is heresy? A heresy is religious belief hat is contrary to the official teachings of the church.
Created by: morganzuerlein