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47209 - Unit 8

Unit 8 vocab.

QuestionAnswer
Himalaya Mountains A mountain range containing Mt. Everest.
Subcontinent A large landmass that is smaller than a continent.
Alluvial Plain Lands that are rich farmlands.
Archipelago A group of 1,200 or more small islands.
Atoll Low-lying tops of submerged volcanoes, surrounded by coral reefs and shallow lagoons.
Monsoon Seasonal winds.
Cyclone A violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain.
Hinduism Is the religion of most Indians.
Ganges River An important water source and a sacred river to Hindus.
Storm Surges High waters that swamp low-lying areas.
Estuary An arm of the sea at the lower end of the river.
Mughal Empire Established by Muslims.
Raj A period of British rule. Lasted 90 years. (1857 - 1987)
Nonviolent Resistance A protest movement that does not use violence to achieve It's goals.
Land Reform A more balanced distribution of land among farmers that now exists.
Green Revolution Agricultural scientists introduced new farming techniques and higher-yielding grain varieties to improve production.
Castle System Was the Aryan system of social classes.
Indus Valley Civilization Civilization that began around 2500 B.C. containing well planed cities like Harappa, and Mohenjo-Daro.
Partition Divisions of British India.
Kashmir Pakistan has fought several destructive wars with India over the territory of what?
Microcredit A policy that makes small loans available to poor entrepreneurs.
Entrepreneurs People who start or build a business.
Ramadan A month-long period of fasting from sunrise to sunset.
Constitutional Monarchies Kingdoms in which the ruler's powers are limited by a constitution.
Sinhalese People from the northern plains of India crossed the narrow strait separating the subcontinent from Sri Lanka.
Tamils Dravidian Hindus from southern India.
Sultans Muslim rulers.
Basic Necessities Are the most basic needs for human survival such as food, clothing, and shelter.
Illiteracy The inability to read or write.
Summer Monsoon Is a wind system that blows from the southwest across the Indian Ocean toward South Asia from June though September.
Winter Monsoon Is a wind system that blows from the northeast across the Himalayas toward the sea from October through February.
Created by: 47209rl