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Chapter 17

adnexa tissues or structures in the body that are next to or near another
areola the darker pigmented, circular area surrounding the nipple of each breast
cervix the part of the uterus that protudes into the cavity of the vagina, the neck of the uterus
climacteric the cessation of menstruation
clitoris the vaginal erectile tissue corresponding to the male penis
coitus sexual intercourse or copulation
corpus luteum a yellowish mass that forms within the ruptured ovarian follicle after ovulation, containing high levels of progesterone and some estrogen
diaphragm a form of contraception
endometrium the inner lining of the uterus
estrogen one of the female hormones that promotes the development of the female secondary sex characteristics
fallopian tubes one of a pair of tubes opening at one end into the uterus and at the other end into the peritoneal cavity
fertillization the union of a male sperm and a female ovum
fimbriae the fingerlike end of the fallopian tube
fourchette a tense band of mucous membranes at the posterior rim of the vaginal opening,where the libia minora connect
fundus dome shaped central,upper portion of the uterus
gamete a mature sperm or ovum
gonads a gamete producing gland sucan as an ovary or testis
gynecology the branch of medicine that deals with the study of diseases and disorders of the female reproductive system
hymen a thin layer of elastic connective tissue membrane that forms a border around the outer opening of the vagina and may partially cover the vaginal opening
labia majora two folds of skin containing fatty tissue and covered with hair that lie on either side of the vaginal opening, extending from the mons pubis to the perineum
labia minora two folds of hairless skin located within the folds of the labia majora
mammary glands the female breasts
mastectomy surgical removal of the breast
mastitis inflammmation of the breast
menarche first menstrual period
menopause the permanent cessation of the menstrual cycles
menstruation the periodic shedding of the lining of the nonpregnant uterus through a bloody discharge that passes through the vagina to the outside of the body
myometruim the muscular layer of the uterine wall
ovary one of a pair of female gonads for producing mature ova and releasing them at monthly intervals
ovum the female reproductive cell, female sex cell or egg
perineum the area between the vaginal orifice and the anus that consists of muscular and fibrous tissue
pregnancy the period of intrauterine development of the fetus from conception through birth, 40 weeks
premenstrual syndrome a group of symptoms that include irritability, tenderness, depression occuring shortly before onset of mestruation
progesterone one of the female hormones secreted by the corpus luteum and the placenta
puberty the period of life at which the ability to reproduce begins
sperm a mature male germ cell
uterus the hollow, pear shaped organ that houses the fertilized, implanted ovum as it develops throughout pregnancy
vagina the muscular tube that connects the uterus with the vulva
vulva the external genitalia
amenorrhea absence of menstrual flow
dysmenorrhea painful menstrual flow
menorrhagia abnormally long or heavy menstrual periods
metrorrhagia uterine bleeding at times other than the menstrual period
oligomenorrhea abnormally light or infrequent menstruation
abstinence to abstain from having vaginal intercourse
oral contraceptives birth control pills, contains synthetic forms of the hormones estrogen and progesterone
depo provera injection a form of contraception administered intramusculary, 12 weeks
tubal ligation surgically cutting and tying the fallopian tubes to prevent passage of ova or sperm through the tubes
cervicitis an acute or chronic inflammation of the uterine cervix
cystocele herination or downward protusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina
endometrial carcinoma malignant tumor of the inner lining of the uterus
endometriosis the presence and growth of endometrial tissue in areas outside the endometrium
fibrocystic breast disease the presence of single or multiple fluid filled cysts that are palpable in the breasts
fibroid tumor a benign, fibrous tumor of the uterus
ovarian carcinoma a malignant tumor of the ovaries
ovarian cysts benign, globular sacs that form on or near the ovaries
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) / salpingitis infection of the fallopian tubes
stress incontinence urinary the inability to hold urine when the bladder is stressed by sneezing, coughing etc
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina and the vulva
aspiration biopsy a invasive procedure in which a needle is inserted into an area of the body to withdraw tissue or fluid sample for examination
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix with a colposcope
cone biopsy surgical removal of a cone shaped segment of the cervix for diagnosis or treatment
cryosurgery the destruction of tissue by rapid freezing with substances sucah as liquid nitrogen
culdocentesis the surgical puncture throught the posterior wall of the vagina into the cul de sac to withdraw intraperitioneal fluid for examination
dilation andc curettage dilation or widening of the cervical canal with a dilator, followed by scraping of the uterine linning with a curet
endometrial biopsy an invasive test for obtaining a sample of endometrial tissue for examination
laparoscopy the process of viewing the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope
Created by: kornelas