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history chapter 5

ancient roman empire

Etruscans lived mostly north of Rome
Republic the people chose some of the officals
Patricians members of the land holding upper class
consuls to supervise the business of government and command the armies
dictator ruler who has complete control over a government
Plebeians farmers, merchants, and artisans who made up most of the population
tribunes the right to elect their own officials
veto block or void laws
dominated had authority over
legion basic military unit
imperialism establishing control over foreign lands or people
latifundia wealthy families bought up huge farming estates
Tiberius young plebeians, brother Gaius Graacchus, attempted to reform
Gaius Gracchus young plebeians, brother Tiberius, attemped to reform
Julius Caesar an ambitious military commander
Suppressing using force to put an end to something
Augustus the title given to Octavian
Census population count
Hadrian codified Roman law, making same for all providences
Virgil poet, tried to show that Rome's past was a heroic as that of Greece
Satirize make fun of roman society
mosaic a picture made from chips of colored stone or glass
Engineering application of science and mathematics to develop useful structures and machines
aqueducts bridge-like stone structures that carried water from hills to roman cities
Ptolemy proposed theory that the Earth was the center of the universe
messiah anointed king sent by God
apostles "a person sent forth"
Paul a Jew from Asia Minor, played most influential role in the spread of Christianity
Complied obey or conform to something
martyrs people who suffer or die for their beliefs
Constantine emperor who issued the Edict of Milan
clergy group of people who conduct Christian services.
bishop a high Church official responsible for everyone in his diocese.
patriarch exercised authority over all other bishops
heresies beliefs to say to be contrary to Official Church teachings
Augustine bishop of Hippo in North America
Diocletian emperor, set out to restore order
inflation the rapid rise of prices
Constantinople new capital at the centuries-old city Byzantium
Huns migrating from central Asia toward eastern Europe
mercenaries foreign soldiers serving for pay
prestige the power to impress or influence because of success or wealth
Created by: 15_econnor