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nutrition vocabulary

nutrition includes all body process relatingt to food. these include digestion, absorption, metabolism, circulation and elimination
nutritional status to the state or condition of ones nutrition
wellness a state of good health with optimal body function
hypertension high blood pressure may be caused bu on excess amount of fat or salt
atherosclerosis condition in which arteries are narrowed by the accumulation of fatty substances on their inner surfaces
osteoporosis condition in which bones becomje porous and break easily
malnutrition the state of poor nutrition
essential nutrition are composed of chemical elements found in food
carbohydrate are the major source of readily usable human energy
cellulose is the fibrous indegestible form of plant carbohydrate
lipids organic compunds oil and fats
fats also known as lipids
cholesterol is a sterol lipid found in body cells and animal products
proteins are the basic components of all body cells
vitamins organic compunds that are essential tob life.
antioxidants help protect the body from harmful chemicals called free radicals
minerals are inorganic elements found in all body tissue
digestion is the process by which the body brwaks down food into smaller parts changes the food chemically and moves food through the digestive system
peristalsis a rhythmic, wavelike motion of the muscles
metabolism is the process in which nutrients are used by the cells for building tissue, providing energy and regulating various body functions
absorption is the process in which blood or lymph capillaries pick up the digested nutrients
BMR the rate at which the body uses enregy just for maintaining its own tissue
kilocalories calorie
therapeutic diets modifications of the normal diet and are used to improve specific health condition
anorexia loss of apetite
regular diet balanced diet usually used for the ambulatory patient
Created by: orianad