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DRUGS

Classifications

DRUG CLASSIFICATIONACTION
Antibiotics / Antimicrobial Inhibit the growth or kill bacteria and other microorganism.
Antivirals Atripla Efavirenz, Emtricitabine, and Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Intelence Entravirine Tablets Destroy or delay the spread of viral infection or their replication.
Sulfonamides First one of the oldest antibacterial agents used to combat infection, first group of drugs used against bacteria.
Antitubercular Used in TB (Rifampicin, Izoniazid, Streptomycin, Ethambutol).
Antifungal Also added antimycotic drugs to treat fungal infection of the skin.
Antiparasitic Destroys parasites or expel gastro intestinal worms (Pyranted, Mebendazole).
Analgesics Relieves pain.
Anti-Depressants Increase neurotransmitters on CNS and make patient active (Morepinephrine, Dopamine, Serotonin).
Anti-Manic, Anti-Bipolar Decreasing neurotransmitter in the brain.
Anti Anxiety Good for OCD, Somatoform, Phobia, and manic disorders (minor tranquilizer, anxiolytic, antineurotics)
Anti Attention Deficit Disorder CNS stimulant, increases child's attention span.
Lipid-Lowering Agents Lowers cholesterol and prevents atherosclerosis, goes with diet and exercise.
Anti Thyroid Inhibits thyroid hormone production (Grave's Disease, Toxic Goiter, T3, T4).
Thyroid Supplements For Actinism, Myxedema to increase T3 and T4 of blood and increase BMR.
Beta Adrenergic Blockers Blocks epinephrine and norepinephrine cause decreased BP, HR, Psychologic symptoms of anxiety.
Calcium Channel Blockers Anti Angina, Anti HPN, lowers HR, controls coronary spasm.
Immunosupressants Anti-rejection drugs used to prevent the body from rejecting a transplanted organ.
Mydriatics Causing dilatation of the pupils for opthalmoscopy, paralyze lens for surgery, rest of eye and fundoscopy.
Cholinergics medications that produce the same effects as the parasympathetic nervous system.
Thrombolytics Dissolving or splitting up a thrombus and clear arterial venous calculae or massive pulmonary emboli.
Anticoagulant A substance that prevents the clotting of blood but not dissolve it.
Oral Hypoglycemics Antidiabetic drugs are medicines that help control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes mellitus (NIDDM or Type II).
Insulin For Type I or Type II DM, if they don't respond to oral hypoglycemics, for gestational DM, DKA or diabetic coma.
Antacids Neutralizes stomach acid for PUD, hyperacidity or heartburn.
Bronchodilators Help open the bronchial tubes (airways) of the lungs, allowing more air to flow through them.
Anti-Histamines Blocks effects of histamine at the receptor, block antibody antigen reaction
Laxatives Promote bowel movements or prevent constipation.
Anti-Pyretics A medication that reduces fever by affecting the thermoregulation oin the CNS and by inhibiting the action of prostaglandin peripherably.
Anti-Diarrheal Slow down intestinal motility and propulsion.
Anti-Anginal Ttreat and prevent attacks of angina pectoris.
Vasopressors An agent that causes a rise in blood pressure and cardiac output, correct hemodynamic inbalance, fluid replacement in the treatment of shock.
Epinephrine Bronchodilator, cardiac stimulant for anaphylactic shock, vasoconstrictor for epistaxis.
NSAID's A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, such as aspirin or ibuprofen that inhibit prostaglandin to reduce pain, inflammation and reduce fever.
Sedatives / Hypnotics Having a soothing, calming, or tranquilizing effect; reducing or relieving anxiety, stress, irritability, or excitement (anxiety treatment & insomnia, respectively).
Created by: akosipidro on 2007-09-12



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