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MedTerm Quiz 10

Ch 11 Endocrine System

The Endocrine System secretes hormones & regulates many body activities (metabolic rate, water & mineral balance, immune system & sexual function)
acr/o extremities
adren/o adrenal glands
adrenal/o adrenal glands
andr/o male
calc/o calcium
crin/o secrete
estro/o female
glyc/o sugar
glycos/o sugar
home/o sameness
pancreat/o pancreas
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
pituitar/o pituitary gland
thym/o thymus gland
thyr/o thyroid gland
thyroid/o thyroid gland
-crine to secrete
-disia thirst
-prandial relating to a meal
homeostasis maintaining a stable internal environment
adrenal pertaining to the adrenal glands
adrenomegaly enlarged adrenal gland
adrenopathay adrenal gland disease
adrenalectomy removal of the adrenal glands
adrenalitis inflammation of the an adrenal gland
endocrinologist specialist in the endocrine system
hyperglycemia excessive sugar in the blood
hypoglycemia low sugar in the blood
pancreatic pertaining to the pancreas
pituitary pertaining to the pituitary gland
thymic pertaining to the thymus gland
thymectomy removal of the thymus
thymitis inflammation of the thymus
thymoma thymus tumor
thyromegaly enlarged thyroid
thyroidectomy removal of the thyroid
polydipsia excessive thirst
polyuria condition of too much urine
glycosuria sugar in the urine
acidosis excessive acidity in body fluids
edema excessive amounts of fluid in the body tissues
endocrinology branch of medicine that deals with diagnosis and treatment of the endocrine system
endocrinologist Endocrine system specialist
hirsutism excessive amounts of hair
syndrom group of symptons or signs that point to a specific condition or disease
diabetes mellitus chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism
diabetic retinopathy secondary complication of diabetes that affects the blood vessels of the retina, resulting in visual changes and even blindness.
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patient must take insulin injections
ketoacidosis acidosis due to excess of acidic ketone bodies- can result in death.
non-insulin-dependent diabetes type 2 diabetes mellitus
peripheral neuropathy damage to the nerves in the lower legs and hands from diabetes. (Symptons: extreme sensitivity or numbness and tingling)
tetany nerve irritability and painful muscle cramps resulting from hypocalcemia.
acromegaly elongation and enlargement of the bones of the head and extremeties. Due to excessive amount of growth hormone in an adult.
dwarfism abnormally short in height, lack of a growth hormone.
gigantism overproduction of the growth hormone by the pituitary gland in a child or teenager. The opposite of dwarfism.
goiter enlargement fo the thyroid gland
fasting blood sugar (FBS) blood test to measure the amount of sugar circulation throughout the body after a 12 hour fast.
Glucose tolerance test (GTT) test to determine the blood sugar levels after the administration of glucose.
two hour postprandial glucose tolerance test the patient eats a high carbohydrate diet and then fast overnight before the test.
insulin administered to replance insulin in type 1 or severe type 2 diabetics
oral hypoglycemic agents medications taken by mouth that cause a decrease in blood sugar, not used by insulin dependent patients.
BMR basal metabolic rate
DM diabetes mellitus
FBS fasting blood sugar
GTT glucose tolerance test
K+ potassium
Na+ Sodium
body has two types of glands exocrine glands and endocrine glands
exocrine glands release their secreations into ducts that carry them outside the body
endocrine glands release their hormones into the bloodstream
You have two adrenal glands that are located above the kidneys
Each adrenal gland is composed of adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla
The adrenal cortex regulates (3) Na+, K+ and carbohydrates
the adrenal medulla regulates (2) norepinephrine and epinephrine, aka adrenaline
ovaries produce (2) estrogen and progesterone
pancrease produces (2) insuline and glucagon
Insulin with ___________ the blood sugar level while glucagon with _______________ it decrease, increase
parathyroid gland regulates the Ca+ in the bloodstream
pineal gland pinecone shaped and secretes melatonin
pituitary gland AKA master gland, because several of its secretions regulate other endocrine glands, located underneath of the brain.
testes secrete testosterone
thymus gland part of the immune system
thyroid gland uses iodine to help regulate the production of energy and heat in the body to adjust the body's metabolic rate.
Created by: lynette.thorpe