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Ch8 MedTerm

Ch8 MedTerm - Digestive System

an/o anus
append/o appendix
bar/o weight
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum
chol/e bile, gall
cholangio/o bile duct
cholecyst/o gall bladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
col/o colon
colon/o colon
dent/o tooth
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gums
gloss/o tongue
hapat/o liver
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
labi/o lip
lapar/o abdomen
lingu/o tongue
lith/o stone
odont/o tooth
or/o mouth
palat/o palate
pancreat/o pancreas
pharyng/o throat, pharynx
proct/o anus and rectum
pylor/o pylorus
rect/o rectum
sialaden/o salivary glad
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
-emesis vomit
-lithiasis condition of stones
-orexia appetite
-pepsia digestion
-phagia eat, swallow
-prandial pertaining to a meal
-tripsy surgical crushing
folds in stomach rugae
liquid mixture of HCl, gastric juices and food chyme
Another name for cardiac sphincter lower esophageal sphincter (LES)
lower portion of the stomach antrum
sphincter near antrum of stomach pyloric sphincter
3 sections of small intestine duodenum, jejunum and ileum
what connects ileum with colon? ileocecal valve
saliva mixed with food bolus
digestive enzyme in saliva amylase (for carbohydrates)
three pairs of salivary glands parotid, submandibular, and sublingual
process of digesting fat in watery intestines with help of bile emulsification
bile travels through what ducts to get from liver to gallbladder hepatic duct and cystic duct
bile travels through what ducts to get from gallbladder to duodenum cystic duct and common bile duct
pancreas produces two important secretions buffers and pancreatic enzymes
appendectomy removal of the appendix
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
pertaining to the cheeks buccal
pertaining to cheeks and lips buccaolabial
removal of gallbladder cholecystectomy
record of gallbladder cholecystogram
pertaining to gallbladder cholecystic
gallbladder pain cholecystalgia
removal of colon colectomy
create an opening in the colon colostomy
pertaining to colon and rectum colorectal
instrument to view colon colorectal
pertaining to colon colonic
pertaining to teeth dental
tooth pain dentalgia
pertaining to duodenum duodenal
pertaining to small intestine enteric
small intestine inflammation enteritis
pertaining to esophagus esophageal
dilated esophagus esophagectasis
stomach pain gastralgia
pertaining to stomach gastric
inflammation of stomach and small intestine gastroenteritis
specialist in stomach and small intestine gastroenterologist
softening of stomach gastromalacia
pertaining to nose and stomach nasogastric
create opening in stomach gastrostomy
instrument to view inside stomach gastroscope
stomach inflammation gastritis
removal of stomach gastrectomy
pertaining to gums gingival
inflammation of gums gingivitis
pertaining to tongue glossal
pertaining to under tongut hypoglossal
inflammation of liver hepatitis
liver tumor hepatoma
pertaining to liver haptic
pertaining to ileum ileal
create opening in ileum ileostomy
pertaining to jejunum jejunal
incision into abdomen laparotomy
instrument to view inside abdomen laparoscope
pertaining to under tongue sublingual
pertaining to straight teeth orthodontic
pertaining to mouth oral
surgical repair of palate palatoplasty
inflammation of pancreas pancreatitis
pertaining to pancreas pancreatic
pertaining to throat pharyngeal
paralysis of throat pharyngoplegia
surgical repair of throat pharyngoplasty
drooping rectum and anus proctoptosis
surgical fixation of rectum and anus proctopexy
pertaining to pyloris pyloric
inflammation of salivary gland sialadenitits
instrument to view inside sigmoid colon sigmoidoscope
pertaining to sigmoid colon sigmoidal
vomiting blood hematemesis
excessive vomiting hyperemesis
absence of appetite anorexia
abnormal appetite dysorexia
slow digestion bradypepsia
difficult digestion dyspepsia
unable to swallow/eat aphagia
difficulty swallowing/eating dysphagia
many (excessive) eating polyphagia
after a meal postprandial
Created by: jxlab2aa