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chapt3 suffixes

medical terminology suffixes

-a is a noun (a is a noun ending cyanoderma)
-ac pertaining to
-ad toward, increase caudad (toward the tail or end of the body)
-al pertaining example: duodenal pertaining to the duodenum
-algia pain
-ar pertaining to: example- ventricular pertaining to ventricle
-ary -pertaining to :
-ate something that..... hemolysate (something that results from hemolysis)
-blast embryonic stage of development; example: leukoblast (immature white blood cell)
-cele swelling or herniation example: cystocele (herniation or protusion through the wall of the vagina)
centesis surgical puncture: example amniocentesis
-cide to kill or destroy
-clasis crushing or breaking up
cyte cell
-desis binding or surgical fusion
dynia pain
-e e is a noun ending
-eal pertaining to:
-ectasia stretching or dilation
-ectomy surgical removal
-emia blood condition hyperglycemia (blood condition)
-er one who example: radiographer
-esis condition of: example: enuresis
-gen that which generates: example: gylcogen (that which generates suguar)
-genesis generating:formation: lithogenesis-formation of stones
-genic pertaining to, formation, producing example: lithgenic- pertaing to the formation of stones
-gram record or picture
-graph an instrument used to record: electrocardiogram
-graphy process of recording: example: electrocardiography
-gravida pregnancy
-ia condition (ia is a noun ending) ending: paraplegia
-ian specialist in a field of study geriatrician
-iatric(s) relating to medicine
-iatrician one who treats: a physican
-iatrist ne who treats: a physician psychiatrist (specialist in the study,treatment,and prevention of mental illness
-iatry medical treatment, medical profession
-ic pertaining to: example: thoracic pertaining to the thorax
-ical pertaining to:(ical is the combination of ic+al) example: neurological (pertaining to the study of nerves
-ician specialist in the field of study example: obstetrician
-ile pertaining to;capable example: febrile (pertaining to fever).
-ion action;process example: conduction(process in which heat is transferred from on e substance to another.
-ism condition: example (hirsutism, condition of excessive body hair in a masculine distribution pattern.
-ist practitioner, ie; pharmacist
-itis inflammation- ie: appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
-ize to make; to treat or to combine with example:anesthetize
-lepsy seizure, attack, ,example: narcolepsy
-lith stone example: rhinolith (stone or calculus in the nose.
-lithiasis presence of formation of stones example: cholelithiasis
-logy the study of: biology study of life.
-logist one who specializes, the study of; example; biologist.
-lysis destruction or detachment example:dialysis
-lytic destruction: example: keratolytic destruction of hardened skin
-mania a mental disorder; a "madness" example: megalomania ( mental disorder characterized by delusions of grandeur
-megaly cardiomegaly: enlargement of the heart
-meter an instrument used to measure
-metry the process of measuring; example: pelvimetry - process of measuring dimensions of the pelvis
-oid resembling; example: mucoid (resembling mucus
-ole small or little
-oma tumor
-opia visual condition
-opsia visual condition
-opsy process of viewing
-ory pertaining to: characterized by, ie; auditory pertaining to hearing
-osis condition example: cyanosis (condition of blueness)
-pathy disease
-penia decrease in; deficiency
-pexy surgical fixation: example: colpopexy (surgical fixation of a relaxed vaginal wall)
-philia attracted to-
-phobia abnormal fear
-plasia formation or development; ie: hyperplasia (excessive formation or development.
-plasty surgical repair; example: rhinoplasty (surgical repair of the nose in which the structure of the nose is changed.
-plegia paralysis
-pnea breathing; ie: apnea
-ptosis drooping or prolapse
-rragia excessive flow or discharge; example: gastorrhagia , bursting forth of blood through the stomach
-rrhaphy suturing
-rrhea discharge, flow: diarrhea
-rrhexis rupture example: arteriorhexis (rupture of an artery.)
-scope an instrument used to view
-scopy the processes of viewing with a scope
-stasis stopping or controlling; example(s): hemostasis stopping or controlling the flow of blood) venostasis: (the trapping or "standing still" of blood in the extremity.
-stomy the surgical creation of a new opening
-tomy -incision into : example : phlebotomy (incision into a vein.
-tripsy intentional crushing; example: lithotripsy (crushing of a stone in the bladder; maybe controlled by ultrasound or by laser.
Created by: cathy1026