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Chp 13-14,18-19


Infertility: The inability to produce offspring, AKA sterility
Fertility drugs: Meds used to treat infertility AKA ovulation stimulating drugs
ART: Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Fertility drugs work by: blocking estrogen receptors on the ovaries causing the ovaries to signal the pituitary gland to secrete LH and FSH
LH: lutenizing hormone
FSH: follicle stimulating hormone (causes the egg to mature)
Fertility drugs include: Repronex, Profasi or Pregnyl AKA human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
HCG: human chorionic gonadotropin
Profasi / Pregnyl AKA: HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin)
Terbutaline: Treats premature labor
Pitocin: AKA oxytocin; used to induce labor
Oxytocin causes: the uterus to contract
Meds to treat postpartum bleeding: Ergotrate and Methergine; stimulated the uterus to contract
Contraception: against conception
Oral medications designed to interfere with conception are called: OCPs and BCPs
OCPs are a combination of: estrogen and progestin (progesterone)
OCPs include: YAZ, YASMIN 28, Beyaz, Trinessa, Loestrin 24 Fe, Ocella, Aviane, Kariva, Orthro Tri-Cyclen Lo, Ortho-Novum, Ovcon, Seasonique
Beyaz: OCP
Trinessa: OCP
Loestrin 24 Fe: OCP
OCPs containing 50 ug of estrogen has been linked with a higher incidence of: Lupus Erythematosus
OCPs containing 30 mcg of estrogen do not: increase the risk of Lupus
Ocella: OCPS
Aviane: OCP
Kariva: OCP
Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo: OCP
Ortho-Novum: OCP
Ovcon: OCP
Seasonique: OCP
Antagonists to OCPs include: antibiotics and St. John's wort
Nuva Ring: once a month vaginally inserted estrogen and progestin contraceptive that is left in for 3 weeks of every month
Progestin only contraceptives include: Depo-Sub Q Provera, Ovrette, Progestasert, Mirena
Overette: progestin only OCP
Progestasert: 1 year IUD; progestin only OCP
Mirena: 5 year IUD; progestin only OCP
Progestin only contraceptives are: slightly less effective in preventing pregnancy
To be effective, progestin only OCPs must be taken: every day and at the same time each day
Paragard: Cu (copper) based IUD; prompts the release of WBCs and prostaglandins from the endometrium
Leukocytes and prostaglandins are hostile towards: spermatozoa and ova
Paragard is also an emergency contraceptive if inserted within: 3-5 days after unprotected intercourse
Signs and symptoms associated with menopause include: dyspareunia, hot flashes, mood swings, insomnia, fatigue, Xeroderma
Medications commonly prescribed to relieve the signs and symptoms of menopause are called: ERT and HRT
Diseases associated with menopause include: Macular degeneration, OP, AD, tooth loss
ERT or HRT includes: Premarin, Prempro, Femhrt
Premarin: ERT/HRT
Prempro: ERT/HRT
Femhrt: ERT/HRT
Adverse effects of estrogen OCPs and ERT include: Thrombus formation, esp. in smokers over 35, increased rick of breast malignancy
Progestion only OCPs do not increase the risk of: thrombus formation
Medication to include abortion: Mifeprex
Oral med to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse: Preven(estrogen and progesterin), Plan B (progesterin)
Med to prevent seizures associated with eclampsia: magnesium sulfate
The second child of an Rh+ father and a Rh- mother can be afflicted en utero with a condition called: Erythroblastosis Fetalis AKA Rh incompatibility disease
EF occurs when: mothers immune system perceives the fetus as foreign and produces antibodies to attack it
A medication prescribed to prevent erythroblastosis fetalis (EF) is called : RhoGAM
Medications contraindicated during breast feeding include: ASA, antisussives w/ ETOH, antihistamines except non-drowsy Claritin or Alavert
Signs/symptoms of PMS: dysmenorrhea, breast tenderness, fluid retention, mood swings
Meds to treat PMS: Midol, Pamprin, Premsyn
Signs/symptoms of PMDD: dpression, anxiety, sleep disturbances
Meds to reat PMDD: Xanax, Zoloft, YAZ
YAZ also treats: chronic acne
Primary thyroid hormone: thyroxine AKA T3 and T4
Thyroxine is necessary because: it regulates proper metabolism
Metabolism is: the rate at which the body burns energy
Hyposecretion of thyroxine: myxedema
Meds to treat myxedema: thyroid supplements
Thyroid supplements include: Thylor, levothroxine (Synthroid), Levoxyl
Thylor thyroid supplemnt
Synthroid (levothyroxine) thyroid supplement
Levoxyl thyroid supplement
A synthetic GH" somatropin AKA Humatrope
A synthetic ADH: vasopressin AKA pitressin
ADH antidiuretic hormone
Corticosteroids are powerful: SAIDS
SAIDS include: cortisone, dexamethasone AKA Decadron, hydrocortisone AKA Cortef, methylprednisolone AKA Medrol, prednisone, Aristoncort, Kenalong
Kenalog corticosteriod SAID
Decadron (dexmethasone) corticosteriod SAID
Cortef (hydrocirtisone) corticosteriod SAID
Medrol )methylprednsiolone) corticosteriod SAID
Adverse side effects of prolonged use of SAIDs include: HTN, hypokalemia, hypernatremia, hyperglcemia, WT gain, heart disease, psychosis
DM is charactereized by: 1. The pancreas produces an insufficient amount of insulin. 2. The cells of the body have difficulty utilizing insulin
Insulin is necessary for the body to metabolize: gluclose
IDDM insulin dependant diabities mellitus AKA DM I or juvenile onset DM
IDDM requires: daily subQ inj insulin
Insulins include: regular, Humulin, NPH, Lantus, Novolin, Novolog
Novolog insulin
Lantus insulin
NPH insulin
Humulin insulin
regular. insulin
The Novolog Flexpen is: a prefilled, dial-a-dose disposable inki device
Insulin kept at a temperature between 36.0 F and 86.0 F can remain stable and potent for : 28 days
Insulin intended for future use should be refrigerated between: 36-40 degrees
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus AKA type II DM or adult maturtiy onset
NIDDM is treated with: oral antidiabetic drugs
Oral antidiabetic drugs stimulate the pancreas to : produce more insulin and assist cells in utilizing glucose
Oral antidiabetic medications include: 1. Diabinese. Diabinese, Glucotrol, DiaBeta, Actos, Orinase, Januvin, Glucobance, Gluciphage, Onglyza
Diabinese oral antidiabetic medication
DiaBeta (glyburide) oral antidiabetic medication
Micronase (glyburide) oral antidiabetic medication
Actos oral antidiabetic medication
Orinase oral antidiabetic medication
Januvia oral antidiabetic medication
Gluclovance oral antidiabetic medication
Glucophage oral antidiabetic medication
Onglyza oral antidiabetic medication
Ophthalmic antibiotics: Garamycin, Vigamox, Ilotycin AKA erythromucin
Glaucoma is caused by: an increase in IOP
Untreated glaucoma can lead to: permanent blindess
Ophthalmic medications used to treat glaucoma include: Lumigan, Xalaton, Cosopt
Med to cause pupillary dilation: atropine
Mydriasis pupillary dilation
Fluoracaine ophthalmic dye and anesthetic
decongestants Medications that decrease the swelling of mucous membranes, alleviate nasal stuffiness and sinus congestion, allow secretions to drain, and help open the eustachian tubes
Decongestants include: Sudafed or Drixoral (pseudoephedrine), Afrin
The risk of CVA ) increases by combining pseudoephedrine found in Drixoral or Sudafed with: Zoloft
A side effect of decongestants: HTN
The inflammatory response occurs whenever the body is : injured such as coming in contact with an allergen
Allergens include: pollen, ragweed, animal dander, mold, dust, etc
Signs and symptoms of the inflammatory response include: edema, erythema, warmth, pruritus
The faster the healing process, the less the chance of: infection
The chemical responsible for the inflammatory response is: histamine
Medications used to block the action of histamine are called: antihistamines
Lodrane (brompheniramine) antihistamine
Zyrtec antihistamine
Chlor-Trimeton (chlorpheniramine) antihistamine
Tavist antihistamine
Clarinex Antihistamine
Benadryl (diphenhydramine) antihistamine
Allegra antihistamine
Claritin/Alavert (loratdine) antihistamine
loratidine was designed to be: nondrowsy
Many antihistamines have the common side effect of: drowsiness
Corticosteroids are very effective: anti-inflammatory medications
Common ENT corticosteroids include: Rhinocort, Nasalide, Flonase, Nasonex, Nasacort, Omnaris
Omnaris ENT corticosteriod
Medications used to suppress coughing are called: antitussive medications
antitussive meds include: codeine, Benylin, Robitussin, Vicks, Delsym
Benyline (dextromethorphan) DM AKA Robitussin, Vicks, or Delsym
expectorants: Medications used to reduce the viscosity of sputum so that patients can more easily expectorate
a common expectorant: guaifenesin AKA Robitussin or Mucinex
Candida albicans AKA monilia
Antifungal medications used to treat thrush include: Mycelex, nystatin AKA Mycostatin or Nilstat
Some antifungal medications are applied topically as a solution where the patient will: swish and swallow
Antifungals are also applied as a troche AKA: lozenge or pastille
Topical anesthetics for the oral cavity and/or pharynx include: 1. benzocaine AKA Cepacol or Anbesol or Chloraseptic or Orabase;Benzocain can cause a life threatening depletion of O2 in the blood of children under the age of two
A topical anesthetic and vasoconstrictor used to control epistaxis is: cocaine
A cauterizing agent on an applicator stick used to cauterize superficial blood vessels during an epistaxis (chemical cautery) is called: silver nitrate
Created by: RBarnes86