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Definitions from American, French & Irish Revolution

Enlightenment Writers People who argued that the rule came not from God but from the people.
Two countries that controlled America in 1765 Spain and Britain
Revolution The overthrow of a government
Rebellion An organised attempt to overthrow a ruler or government
Colony A territory controlled by another country that is usually far away
Two groups of Americans that were treated very badly in the colonies Slaves and the Native Indians
Stamp Act A tax an official documents. e.g. Wills
'No Taxation without Representation' The Americans did not have any representatives in British parliament and felt it was not right to tax
Townshend Act A tax/duty on goods such as glass & tea imported into America
Patriots Those who felt that the Americans should control their own affairs
Boston Massacre British soldiers retaliating for a mob attack
Boston Tea Party Overthrowing tea that came into the harbour in response to a tax still on tea
First Continental Congress A meeting of twelve out of thirteen colonies that showed the colonies could work together.
Minutemen Volunteer soldiers (militias) that were prepared to take action at a minute's notice
Battle of Lexington First shots were fired
Loyalists or Tories Those who remained loyal to the King
Battle of Bunker Hill Washington's first victory
Thomas Paine Author of Common Sense, an attack on King George III and a call for complete independence
Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Declaration of Independence
4th July 1776 Birth of U.S.A. (Independence Day)
Trenton A surprise attack on the British, Christmas Day 1776
Saratoga General Gates (with the help of the French) forced the British army to surrender - turning point of the war
Yorktown General Cornwallis surrendered and Americans had won - October 1781
Treaty of Versailles Recognition of the U.S.A. as an independent country
Democracy People electing a government
Constitution A document that sets out how a country is run
Federal System Where each state would have control over their matters such as business and education
House of Congress The part of the government that passes the laws
Created by: NoogalD