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Bonewit chap 8

Troy Schultz#37 end of chap 8 terms

abortion termination of the pregnancy before the fetus reached the age of viability(20 weeks).
adnexal adjacent
amenorrhea absence or cessation of the menstrual period. Amenorrhea occurs normally before puberty, during pregnancy, and after menopause
atypical deviation from the normal
braxton hicks contractions intermittent and irregular painless uterine contractions that occur throughout pregnancy. They occur more frequently toward the end of pregnancy and are sometimes mistaken for true labor pains
cervix lower narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina
colposcopy examination of the cervix using a colposcope(lighted instrument with a magnifying lens)
cytology science that deals with the study of cells, including their origin, structure, function, and pathology
Dialation(of the cervix) stretching of the external os from an opening a few mm wide to an opening large enough to allow the passage of an infant (approx. 10cm)
dysmenorrhea pain associated with the menstrual period
dyspareunia pain in the vagina or pelvis experienced by a woman during sexual intercourse
dysplasia growth of abnormal cells. dysplasia is a precancerous condition that may or may not develop into cancer
ectocervix part of the cervix that projects into the vagina and is lined with stratified squamous epithelium
EDD expected date of delivery, or due date
effacement thinning and shortening of the cervical canal from its normal length of 1 to 2 cm to a structure with paper-thin edges in which there is no canal at all
embryo child in utero from the time of conception to the beginning of the first trimester
endocervix mucous membrane lining the cervical canal
engagement entrance of the fetal head or the presenting part into the pelvic inlet
expected date of delivery projected birth date of the infant
external os opening of the cervical canal of the uterus into the vagina
fetal heart rate number of times per minute the fetal heart beats
fetal heart tones sounds of the heartbeat of the fetus heard through the mothers abdominal wall
fetus child in the utero from the third month after conception to birth; during the first 2 months of development, it is called an embryo
fundus dome-shaped upper portion of the uterus between the fallopian tubes
gestation period of intrauterine development from conception to birth; the period of pregnancy. the average pregnancy last about 280 days, or 40 weeks, from the date of conception to childbirth
gestational age age of the fetus between conception and birth
gravidity total number of pregnancies a woman had regardless of duration, including a current pregnancy
gynecology branch of medicine that deals with the diseases of reproductive organs of women
infant child from birth to 12 months of age
internal os internal opening of the cervical canal into the uterus
locia discharge from the uterus after delivery that consists of blood, tissue, WBC, and some bacteria
menopause permanent cessation of menstruation, which usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55
menorrhagia excessive bleeding during a menstrual period, in the number of days or the amount of blood or both. also called dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB)
metrorrhagia bleeding between menstrual periods
multigravida woman who has been pregnant more than once
multipara woman who has completed two or more pregnancies to the age of fetal viability regardless of whether they ended in live infants or stillbirths
nullipara woman who has not carried a pregnancy to the point of fetal viability (20 weeks of gestation)
obstetrics branch of medicine concerned with the care of the woman during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartal period
parity condition of having borne offspring regardless of the outcome
perimenopause before the onset of menopause, the phase during which the woman with regular periods changes to irregular cycles and increased periods of amenorrhea
perineum external region between the vagina orifice and the anus in a female and between the scrotum and the anus of a male
position relation of the presenting part of the fetus to the maternal pelvis
postpartum occurring after childbirth
preeclampsia major complication of pregnancy, the cause of which is unknown, characterized by increasing hypertension, albuminuria, and edema
prenatal before birth
presentation indication of the part of the fetus that is closest to the Cx and is delivered first.
preterm birth delivery occurring between 20 and 37 weeks of gestation regardless of whether the child was born alive or stillborn
primigravida woman who is pregnant for the first time
primipara woman who has carried a pregnancy to fetal viability for the first time, regardless of whether the infant was stillborn or alive at birth
puerperium period of time, usually 4 to 6 weeks after delivery, in which the uterus and the body systems are returning to normal
quickening first movements of the fetus in utero as felt by the mother, which usually occurs between 16 and 20 weeks of gestation and is felt consistently thereafter
risk factor anything that increases an individuals chance of developing a disease. Some risk factors can be avoided, but others cannot
term birth delivery occurring after 37 weeks of gestation regardless of whether the infant was born alive or stillborn
toxemia condition that can occur in pregnant women that includes preeclampsia and eclampsia. if preeclampsia goes undiagnosed or is not satisfactorily controlled, it could develop into eclampsia, characterized by convulsions and coma
trimester three months, or one third, of the gestational period of pregnancy
vulva region of the external female genital organs
Created by: troyschultz