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Med-terminology

Med terms

QuestionAnswer
aden/o gland
amni/o amnion
angi/o vessel
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
ather/o plaque
axill/o armpit
bronch/o bronchial tube
bronchi/o bronchial tube
carcin/o cancerous
cardi/o heart
chem/o drug or chemical
cholecyst/o gallbladder
chron/o time
col/o colon
crani/o skull
cry/o cold
cyst/o urinary bladder
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
erythr/o red
esophag/o esophagus
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
hyster/o uterus
inguin/o groin
isch/o to hold back
lapar/o abdomen
laryng/o voice box
leuk/o white
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menses
mening/o meninges
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord or bone marrow
necr/o death of cells
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
oophor/o ovary
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
pelv/o hip area
peritone/o peritoneum
phleb/o vein
pneumon/o lung
pulmon/o lung
radi/o x-rays
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
salping/o fallopian tube
sarc/o flesh
septic/o pertaining to infection
thorac/o chest
tonsill/o tonsil
trache/o windpipe or trachea
ur/o urine or urea; urinary tract
vascul/o blood vessel
bacteremia bacterial invasion of the blood without or without symptoms
septicemia more serious bacteremia that moves rapidly and may be life-threatening
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
bursitis inflammation of a small sac of fluid (bursa) near a joint
cellulitis inflammation of soft tissue under the skin
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
endocarditis inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (endocardium)
epiglottitis inflammation of the epiglottis
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
myositis inflammation of muscle
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
osteomyelitis inflammation of bone and bone marrow
otitis inflammation of the ear
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
pharyngitis inflammation of the throat
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein with formation of clots
chondrosarcoma cancer of cartilage tissue
chondr/o cartilage
fibrosarcoma cancer of fibrous tissue
fibr/o fibrous tissue
leiomyosarcoma cancer of visceral muscle
leiomy/o visceral or smooth muscle
liposarcoma cancer of fatty tissue
lip/o fat
osteogenic sarcoma cancer of bone
rhabdomyosarcoma cancer of skeletal muscle
rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle
hepatoma malignant tumor of the liver
lymphoma or lymphosarcoma malignant tumor of lymph nodes
melanoma malignant tumor of pigmented cells in the skin
melan/o black
mesothelioma malignant tumor of pleural cells
multiple myeloma malignant tumor of bone marrow cells
thymoma malignant tumor of the thymus gland
leukocytosis slight increase in normal white blood cells
leukemia malignant condition marked by dramatic increase in cancerous white blood cells
cardiomyopathy chronic disease of heart muscle with inflammation and weakness
myocardial infarction an area of heart muscle that has died as a result of ischemia aka heart attack
adenopathy/lymphadenopathy disease condition of lymph nodes
adrenopathy disease condition of the adrenal glands
hepatopathy disease condition of the liver
myopathy disease condition of muscles
neuropathy disease condition of nerves
osteopathy disease condition of bones
retinopathy disease condition of the retina of the eye
menorrhea normal discharge of blood tissue from the lining of the uterus
menorrhagia abnormally heavy or long menstrual periods
hematuria blood in the urine
uremia high levels of urea in the blood
adenectomy excision of a gland
adenoidectomy excision of the adenoids
appendectomy excision of the appendix
colectomy excision of the colon
gastrectomy excision of the stomach
laminectomy excision of a piece of backbone to relieve pressure on nerves from a disk
myomectomy excision of a muscle tumor
pneumonectomy excision of lung tissue
prostatectomy excision of the prostate gland
splenectomy excision of the spleen
radiotherapy directed by a radiation oncologist to use radiation to kill tumor cells
radiology specialty of a radiologist who primarily diagnoses conditions using x-ray, magnetic wave, and ultrasound techniques
-tomy a temporary incision
-stomy a permanent or semipermanent opening
-algia condition of pain, pain
-emia blood condition
-ia condition
-itis inflammation
-megaly enlargement
-oma tumor, mass
-osis condition, abnormal condition
-pathy disease condition
-rrhea flow, discharge
-rrhage or -rrhagia excessive discharge of blood
-sclerosis hardening
-uria condition of urine
-al or -eal pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-ectomy removal, resection, excision
-gram record
-graphy process of recording
-lysis separation, breakdown, destruction
-plasty surgical repair, or surgical correction
-scopy process of visual examination
-stomy opening
-therapy treatment
-tomy incision, cutting into
abdomin/o abdomen
an/o anus
bi/o life
cardi/o heart
carp/o carpals
cis/o to cut
cost/o ribs
crani/o skull
cutane/o skin
dur/o dura mater
gen/o to produce; to begin
glyc/o sugar
hemat/o blood
later/o side
men/o menses
nat/i birth
neur/o nerve
norm/o rule; order
oste/o bone
peritone/o peritoneum
plas/o formation; growth; development
ren/o kidney
scapul/o scapula
son/o sound
thyroid/o thyroid gland
top/o to put; place; position
troph/o development; nourishment
urethr/o urethra
uter/o uterus
ven/o vein
vertebr/o vertebra
-al pertaining to
-ation process, condition
-cision process of cutting
-crine secretion
-dipsia thirst
-emia blood condition
-gen to produce
-graphy process of cutting
-ia condition
-ic pertaining to
-ine pertaining to
-ism condition, process
-lapse to fall, slide
-lysis loosening, breakdown, separation, destruction
-meter to measure
-mission to send
-mortem death
-oma tumor, mass
-ous pertaining to
-partum birth
-pathy disease condition
-phagia eating
-phasia speech
-plasia formation condition
-plasm formation tissue
-plegia paralysis
-pnea breathing
-rrhea flow, discharge
-scopy process of visual examination
-section to cut
-stasis to stand, place, stop, control
-tension pressure
-thesis to put, place
-tic pertaining to
-trophy nourishment, development
-um structure
-uria urine condition
-y process, condition
a-, an- no, not, without
ab- away from
ad- toward, near
aplastic anemia bone marrow fails to produce RBC, WBC, and clotting cells
hemolytic anemia RBC are destroyed and bone marrow cannot compensate for their loss
iron deficiency anemia low iron levels lead to low hemoglobin concentration or deficiency of RBC
pernicious anemia mucous membrane of stomach fails to produce a substance that is necessary to absorb vitamin B12 and proper formation of RBC
sickle cell anemia RBC assume an abnormal crescent or sickle shape; clumps together causing clots that block blood vessels
ana- up, apart
ante- before, forward
anti- against
urinalysis separation of urine to determine its components
bi- two, both
brady- slow
con- with, together
dia- complete, through
dys- bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
ec- out, outside
arthroscopy visual examination of a joint
bronchoscopy visual examination of the bronchial tubes
colonoscopy visual examination of the colon
cystoscopy visual examination of the urinary bladder
esophagogastroscopy visual examination of the esophagus and stomach
hysteroscopy visual examination of the uterus
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdomen
laryngoscopy visual examination of the larynx
mediastinoscopy visual examination of the mediastinum
sigmoidoscopy visual examination of the sigmoid colon
endo- within, in, inner
epi- above, upon
ex- out
extra- outside of
hemi- half
hyper- excessive, too much, above
hypo- deficient, too little below
In- in, into
inter- between
intra- within
mal- bad
meta- change, beyond
neo- new
para- beside, near, along the side of
MICU medical intensive care unit
MSICU medical/surgical intensive care unit
PICU pediatric or psychiatric intensive care unit
SICU surgical intensive care unit
peri- surrounding
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
pre- before
pro- before, forward
pros- before, forward
quadri- four
re- back, behind
retro- back, behind
sub- under, less than
syn- with, together
tachy- fast
trans- across, through
tri- three
ultra- beyond
uni- one
Created by: mlmorales25 on 2012-03-19



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