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Male & Female Repr

Male & Female Reproductive System

test/o, or testicul/o, or orch/o, or orchi/o, or orchid/o (doesn't look or smell like and orchid) testis (singular) or testicles (testes (plural))
The testes (testicles) are the bilateral male gonads that produce: 1. Spermatozoa AKA Sperm (male sex cells) 2. Testosterone AKA androgen (male sex hormone)
testicular pertaining to a testicle (testis - singular)
orchitis inflammation of a testicle (testis - singular)
orchiotomy or orchidotomy surgical incision of a testicle (testis-singular)
bilateral orchiectomy surgical removal of both testes (layperson terms - Castration)
orchioplasty surgical repair of a testicle (testis-singular)
orchidopexy or orchiopexy surgical fixation of a testicle (testis-singular)
anorchism a condition of no testicle (testis-singular)
crypt- undescended (hidden)
cryptorchidism condition of an undescended (hidden) testicle
sperm/i or spermato/o spermatozoa (sperm) produced in testicles
spermatic pertaining to spermatozoa (sperm)
spermatogenesis the creation of spermatozoa (sperm)
spermatolysis the destruction of spermatozoa (sperm)
-lysis destruction
epididym/o epididymis or epidiymes
The epidiymes are structure that store the spermatozoa (sperm)
epididymitis inflammation of an epididymis (singular)
orchioepididymitis inflammation of a testis and epididymis (singular)
epididymectomy surgical removal of an epididymis
vas/o vessel
In the male reproductive system vas/o refers to a vas deferens or ductus deferens or seminal duct (singular) (vasa deferentia, ductus deferentes, or seminal ducts (plural))
vasa deferentia, ductus deferentes, or seminal ducts (plural) are vessels that carry spermatozoa (sperm) from the epididymes (plural) to the urethra
vasectomy surgical removal of a vas deferens
a bilateral vasectomy will cause sterility (inability to produce offspring)
Another medical term for sterility is infertility (infertile)
vasovasostomy a new opening of a vas deferens to restore fertility after a vasectomy
urethr/o urethra
The urethra in males is the vessel that carries urine, spermatozoa (sperm) and semen to the outside world
Semen is the liquid that mixes with the spermatozoa (sperm)
transurethral pertaining to through the urethra
prostat/o prostate (NOT PROSTRATE)
the prostate gland creates semen
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate
cyst/o urinary bladder
prostatocystitis inflammation of the prostate and urinary bladder
prostatolith stone(s) in the prostate
prostatorrhea flow (discharge) from the prostate
prostatectomy excision of the prostate
suprapubic prostatectomy excision of the prostate gland just above the pubes
prostatolithotomy surgical incision of the prostate to remove a stone
prostatolithectomy surgical removal of a stone in the prostate
prostatocystotomy surgical incision of the prostate and urinary bladder
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) a non-malignant excessive growth or development of the prostate
Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) digital palpation (feeling) of the rectum
A Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) can detect benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
TransUrethral Incision of the Prostate (TUIP) pertaining to through the urethra to make an incision of the prostate
TransUrethral Microwave Thermotherapy (TUMT) pertaining to through the urethra to apply heat therapy from microwaves to the prostate
TransUrethral Resection (excision) of the Prostate (TUR or TURP) pertaining to through the urethra to cut back the prostate
Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) a blood test to detect a predisposition (tendency) for prostate malignancy
vesicul/o seminal vesicle(s) (FSU)
The seminal vesicles create semen
prostatovesiculectomy excision of the prostate and a seminal vesicle
vesiculectomy surgical removal of a seminal vesicle
prostatovesiculitis inflammation of the prostate and a seminal vesicle
balan/o glans penis
the glans penis is the enlarged tip of the penis
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
balanocele herniation of the glans penis
balanoplasty surgical repair of the glans penis
balanorrhea purulent (pus) discharge (flow) from the glans penis
Purulent, or py/o pus
Balanorrhea is a sign of GonoCocci (GC)
GonoCocci (GC) causes gonorrhea
gonorrhea is a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) AKA Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI)
genitalia (genitals) male or female reproductive organs
scrotum an elastic sac that surrounds the testicles (testes)
hydrocelectomy excision of a hydrocele
a hydrocele is a collection of fluid in the scrotum
circumcision the process of making a surgical incision around the prepuce (forseskin)
The prepuce is the foreskin
penile implant a penile prosthesis
A penile prosthesis is an artificial part used to correct Erectile Dysfuncion (ED)
Erectile Dysfunction (ED) the inability to achieve or maintain an erection AKA impotence
flaccid limp
priapism a condition of presistent abnormal erection
motility ability to move
transrectal ultrasound using sound waves through the rectal wall to get an image of the prostate
artificial insemination introduction of semen and spermatozoa into the uterus by artificial means
coitus physical union of male and female genitalia AKA sexual intercourse or copulation
condom prophylactic sheath used during coitus
Prophylactic (prophylaxis) means prevention or protection
ejaculation ejection of semen and/or spermatozoa from the male urethral opening (meatus, orifice, os)
meatus, orifice, os opening
orgasm climax of sexual stimulation
puberty age when secondary sexual characteristics develop
Male secondary sexual characteristics include: 1. Facial, body and pubic hair 2. Lower voice 3. Upper torso development
Female secondary sexual characteristics include: 1. Breast and pelvic development 2. Axillary (arm hair), body and pubic hair 3. Menses (menstruation)
phimosis narrowing (stenosis) of the preputial orifice
epispadia urethral orifice is on the topside (dorsal side) of the penis
oophor/o or ovari/o ovary (ies)
The ovaries are the bilateral female gonads that produce: 1. Ova (female sex cells) AKA oocytes 2. Estrogen (female sex hormone)
ovarian pertaining to an ovary
oophoritis inflammation of an ovary
oophorectomy surgical removal of an ovary
salping/o and -salpinx fallopian tube(s), or uterine tube(s), or oviduct(s)
The fallopian tubes (uterine tubes or oviducts) are bilateral ducts that carry ova from the ovaries to the uterus
salpingitis inflammation of a fallopian tube
salpingectomy surgical removal of a fallopian tube
oophorosalpingectomy excision of an ovary and oviduct
Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy (BSO) surgical removal of the oviducts and ovaries
salpingocele herniation of a uterine tube
pyosalpinx pus in a oviduct
hematosalpinx blood in a fallopian tube
hydrosalpinx fluid in an oviduct
salpingostomy a new opening into a fallopian tube to restore patency
Patent or patency means open
bilateral tubal ligation tying and/or cauterizing (burning)the fallopian tubes to cause sterilization (infertility) AKA "having my tubes tided"
hyster/o, or metr/o, or metr/i, or uter/o uterus (womb)
The uterus is where the embryo/fetus gestates
An embryo is a fertilized ovum for the first eight weeks of gestation
fertilization is the joining of an ovum and spermatozoa
Gestation is the development of a fertilized ovum (in the uterus) AKA pregnancy
A fetus is a fertilized ovum after 8 weeks of gestation (pregnancy)
IntraUterine Device(IUD) pertaining to a contraceptive placed within the uterus
Total Abdominal Hysterectomy (TAH) excision of the uterus through the abdomen
hysteratresia closure of the uterine cavity
hysteroptosis drooping or sagging (prolapse) of the uterus
hysteropexy surgical fixation of the uterus
sonohysterography process of recording the uterus by use of sound waves
metrorrhagia rapid flow of blood from the uterus
HysteroSalpingoGram (HSG) a record of the uterus and fallopian tubes
hysteroscope usually lighted instrument to view the uterus
hysteroscopy process of viewing the uterus
perimetritis inflammation of the outer layer of the uterus (perimetrium)
perimetrium outer layer of the uterus
myometritis inflammation of the muscle layer of the uterus (myometrium)
myometrium muscle layer of the uterus
endometritis inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium)
endometrium inner lining of the uterus
hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy excision (surgical removal) of the uterus, a fallopian tube, and an ovary
men/o menstruation or menses
Menstruation (menses) is the cyclic 28 day sloughing (shedding) of the endometrium
menorrhea menstrual flow (menstruation)
dysmenorrhea difficult or painful menses (menstruation)
oligomenorrhea scanty (deficient) menstrual flow
hypermenorrhea excessive discharge or flow of menses
PreMenstrual Syndrome (PMS) physical and emotional symptoms occurring 1-2 weeks before menstruation (menses)
menarche (menarcheal) the first menstrual cycle
menopause cessation of menstruation due to hormone (estrogen) insufficiency
cervic/o CerviX (CX)
the CerviX (CX) is the inferior portion (neck) of the uterus
cervicitis inflammation of the CerviX (CX)
endocervicitis inflammation of the inner lining of the CerviX(CX)
cervicectomy excision of the CerviX(CX)
vagin/o or copl/o vagina
the vaginal lining consists of mucous membranes which produce mucus
vaginitis or colpitis inflammation of the vagina
colpalgia a condition of vaginal pain
colpoplasty surgical repair of the vagina
anterior and posterior colporrhaphy suturing the front and back of the vagina AKA an A&P repair
colposcope usually lighted instrument to view the vagina
episi/o or vulv/o vulva
the vulva is the female external genitalia
episiotomy surgical incision of the vulva
episiorrhaphy suturing of the vulva
vulvovaginal pertaining to the vulva and vagina
vulvovaginitis inflammation of the vulva and vagina
vulvectomy surgical removal of the vulva
perine/o perineum
the perineum is the area between the vaginal opening (os, orifice, meatus) and the anus
the peritoneum refers to the abdominal lining
perineorrhaphy suturing of the perineum
episioperineoplasty surgical repair of the vulva and the perineum
colpoperineorrphaphy suturing of the vagina and perineum
culd/o Douglas' cul-de-sac
Douglas' cul-de-sac is the area between the posterior wall of the uterus and the rectum AKA the rectouterine pouch
culdoscope usually lighted instrument used to view Douglas' cul-de-sac
culdoscopy process of viewing the Douglas' cul-de-sac
culdocentesis surgical puncture of the Douglas' cul-de-sac
mamm/o or mast/o breast(s)
The breasts are bilateral organs of lactation (milk production)
mastitis inflammation of a breast
mastalgia a condition of breast (pain)
mastoptosis prolapse (drooping or sagging) of a breast
mammogram a record (X-ray) of a breast
mammography process of recording a breast
mammotome an instrument to cut breast tissue
mastectomy surgical removal of a breast
subcutaneous mastectomy surgical removal of breast tissue
simple or total mastectomy surgical removal of breast tissue and papilla (nipple)
modified radical mastectomy surgical removal of breast tissue, papilla (nipple),and lymph nodes
Halstead or radical mastectomy surgical removal of the breast tissue, papilla(nipple), lymph nodes, and underlying muscle
mammoplasty surgical repair of a breast
bilateral breast augmentation a mammoplasty designed to enhance the size of the breasts
breast biopsy (Bx) obtaining a tissue sample from a breast lump to determine if the cells are malignant or benign
lumpectomy surgical removal of a lump
gynecologist specialist in the study of the female reproductive system
gynopathic pertaining to disease of the female reproductive system
leukorrhea white discharge from the vagina
dyspareunia a condition of difficult or painful intercourse
ossa plural of os
sitz bath a warm water bath of the perineum used for healing and cleansing
Dilatation (Dilation) + Curettage (D+C) scraping of the endometrium (inner lining of the uterus)
laparoscopy process of using a usually lighted instrument to view the abdomen or pelvic cavity
fistual abnormal passageway
vesicovaginal fistula an abnormal passageway between the urinary bladder and the vagina
Pap test or Pap smear a cervical cytology test
a PAP is performed to detect a cervical malignancy
speculum an instrument for opening a body cavity to allow visual examination
cryosurgery freezing tissue to destroy cells
Ca CAncer or Calcium
CX cervic or culture
GYN GYNecology
LMP Last Mentrual Period
DC DisCharge(d) or DisContinue(d)
DOB Date of Birth
Created by: Patti Belfi Reed Patti Belfi Reed