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Dakota Fur Trade


A1) When: Early 1600's
A2) Who: French explorers & American Indians
A3) Where: Along the valley of the St. Lawrence River
B1) Examples of American Indian goods Bever,Mink,and Other animals
C1) Examples of French explorer goods Blankets,Jewelry,Metal goods (knives,kettles,and guns
D) Fur Traders They organized them selves into business,Some became wealthy,Founded settlements before shipped to Europe
E) Explorers & Missionaries Some explorers in search of fame& adventure,Missionaries wanted indians to give up there religious beliefs in favor of Christianity,Radison& Grosellires were first ones in 1650's to Minnesota,French men Louis H. traveled on Mississippi to Dakota land & wr
F) Birch Bark Canoes Made into different sizes,designed for individual of for 50 paddlers,Ranged in sizes,Montreal canoe (40ft),North canoe (24ft),Ojibwe canoe (16ft),small canoes aren't as durable,Canoe storage, Could last as long as 5yrs or longer with proper storage,Stored
G) Europeans wanted furs made into felts, Symbols of the rich and powerful in Europe, Showed social status-worn by the European ruling classes, Not the working class
H) American Indians wanted form the European goods Woven fabrics, More comfortable, Easier to clean, Glass beads used to decorate moccasins/bags, Brass& tin kettles, Fireproof, Easy to carry, Almost unbreakable, Metal tools&guns, Made life easier, Going to
I) Going to the source, Learned from American Indians How to make a birch bark canoes, how top make snowshoes & toboggans, Three societal classes
J) Social Status Position or rank of a person in society items demonstrated status were fine china silverware stores of tea, coffee, chocolate & brandi
K) Trader Wealthy men in charge of a trading post, More furs collected=(more money)
L) Clerk Usually managed the day-to-day business at the fur, Worked under the trader ( lower status), Sometimes in charge of entire trading post, Kept journals supervised trading & packed pelts, Could read&write, Dreamed of becoming a trader
M) Voyager A workman who preformed the physical labor of fur trade, Puddled canoes&hauled heavy loads, received low pay, Few could read&write opportunities limeted
N) The Trading Network American Indians, Caute animals, Prepared furs, Traded with Europeans, Trader/Clerk, Negotiated with Indians, Collected pelts for money, Voyagers paddled hundreds of miles, Carried traded goods and pelts and big settlements
O) End of the 1700's Few companions controlled fur trade, Northwest company biggest in MN, The competitors were the Hudson's Bay company&XY company
Created by: spazmataz