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Geography of SE Asia

What is a monsoon? Seasonal winds that can last several of months and bring heavy rainfall (which can often lead to major flooding).
What is Air Pollution? Human contribution of chemicals, biological materials, or particular matter that can enter the air and cause discomfort or harm to humans
What is Water Pollution? Contamination of water supplies due to the entrance of chemicals, fertilizers, sewage, or other garbage
What is the Asian Brown Cloud? A "smog" cloud that hovers above parts of SE Asia that can cause irritation and major respiratory problems for humans
What river is located in Pakistan? Indus River
What is one of India's most important rivers? (This river is also considered holy by most Hindus.) Ganges River
What tall mountain chain separates China from the Indian subcontinent? Himalayan Mountains
What are the two tallest mountains in the world? Mount Everest (1st) and K2 (2nd tallest)
What major ocean is located south of the Indian subcontinent? (It is the third largest ocean.) Indian Ocean
What desert is located is northwestern China and is one of the longest deserts in the world? Taklimakan Desert
What desert is located along the Chinese-Mongolian border? (It is one of the hottest and coldest deserts in the world.) Gobi Desert
What river begins in the Tibetian Plateau and empties into the Yellow Sea? Huang He (Yellow) River
Why is the Huang He often called the Yellow River? The loess (silt) carries yellow dust from the Gobi Desert and deposits it into the river making it (and the sea) yellow in color.
What is the longest river in China (and the 3rd longest river in the world)? Yangtze River (Chang Jiang)
What lies along the Yangtze River that helps provide an energy and water source to the Chinese citizens? Three Gorges Dam
What river begins in China and runs through parts of Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia before emptying in Vietnam into the South China Sea? Mekong River
What peninsula separates China from Japan? The Korean Peninsula
What body of water separates the Koreas from Japan? The Sea of Japan
Into what body of water does the Ganges River empty? Bay of Bengal
What are some of the uses of the Ganges River (Mother Ganges)? Drinking, cooking, bathing, burial of cremated remains, industry waste, chemical waste, spiritual Hindu rituals
What are some of the effects of the water pollution of the Ganges River? Water-born diseases, sickness, death, decreased workforce, missed work days, contaminated food and animals, etc.
Into what body of water does the Yangtze River flow? East China Sea
What river is China is severely affected by water pollution? Yangzte River
What is the major reason for both air and water pollution in China and India? The large populations (remember China is the most populated country in the world and India is second). More people means more sewage and waste, more natural resources used, and more of a strain on the environment
What major resource do the Chinese rely on that leads to mass air pollution in China? coal
What is caused when air pollutants mix with water in the air? Acid Rain
How is acid rain harmful to the environment? It is harmful to plants and animals (which can then bring harm to humans who eat these items). It can even cause damage to buildings. Ex: Taj Mahal
Where do the majority of the Chinese people live and why? Eastern China due to better climate, fertile land, access to fresh water and farmland, etc.
What natural disaster is a regular problem for China and India? Massive flooding
What are typhoons? Tropical hurricanes
Why is there not a large population living and working in Eastern China? Himalayan Mountains and Tibetain Plateau are found here (is high in elevation making the air hard to breathe, and it doesn't allow for much farming), The Talimakan and Gobi Deserts are found here too (not providing much economic activity)
Why do so many Indians live int the Ganges River Valley? Rivers provide transportation, trade routes, waster for irrigation, and a water supply for drinking
What physical feature covers almost 80% of Japan? Mountains
What is a terrace? a farming strategy that is used by carving land out of a mountain or cliff to grow certain crops on a flat area of land
Due to Vietnam's climate, what crop grows really well here? Rice
What natural resource (used as an energy source)can be found in abundance in India, China, North Korea, and South Korea? Coal
Due to their lack of arable land, what resource do the Japanese rely on as a major food source? Fish/Seafood
What polytheistic religion believes in reincarnation, Karma, and the caste system? Hinduism
What country is known for its practice of Hinduism? India
What polytheistic religion has many similarities to Hinduism and believes in reincarnation, Karma, the Four Noble Truths, The Eightfold Path, and Nirvana? Buddhism
What are the world's four largest religions in order? Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism
What individual often nicknamed "Buddha" today founded Buddhism? Siddhartha Gautama
What monotheistic religion is found in parts of Asia (especially Pakistan, Bangladesh, and parts of India) Islam
What traditional religion is found in Japan? Shintoism
What philosophy founded in China has helped develop an ethical system there? Confucianism
How does increasing the literacy rate of a region or area impact that country? It increases the country's GDP.
Created by: sepick22