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Surgical Terminology

Stack #87883

antiseptic chemical agents that are approved for use on the skin that inhibit the growth and reproduction of microorganisms, this is used to cleanse and paint the surgical site to reduce the number of microorganisms to an absolute minimum.
asepsis the absence of pathogenic microorganisms on an animate surface or on body tissue.
aseptic technique methods or practices in health care that promote and maintain a state of asepsis.
bacteriocidal able to kill bacteria
bacteriostatic capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria but not killing them
bioburden contamination of an item from debris or microorganisms
contaminated the condition in which insruments , supplies, or items have been eposed to a non sterile item, particle or surface through physical or airborne contact
cross contamination The transmission of microorganisms from one source to another
decontamination a process of disinfection
disinfectant a chemical that destroys most but not all microorganisms on objects
fomite an intermediate, inanimate source in the process of disease transmission
infection state or condition in which the nody or body tissues are invaded by pathogenic microorganisms that multiply and produce injurious effects
nosocomial hospital-acquired infection
pathogen Microorganism that is capable of causing disease
sepsis presence of pathogenic microorganisms in the blood or tissues
shelf life Amount of time that a stored item remains safe to use
spore Resistant form of certain types of bacterial species that is formed when harsh environmental conditions are present: a method of self-preservation until normal conditions return that are conductive to survival
sporicidal able to kill spores
sterile free from living microorganisms
sterile field An area that includes the draped parient all sterile tables and sterile equipment in the immediate area of the patient.
sterile technique methods used to prevent contamination of the sterile field and prevent the patient from acquiring a postoperative wound infection
sterilizer Machine used in the destruction of all microogranisms, including spores
surgically clean An item that considered but is now in the surgical field, has become eposed to air or patients tissues, and is no longer considered absolutely sterile
vectors of transmission carrier of disease that cause disease to go to another organism
Created by: stephanielcraven