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MedTerm Quiz 7

Blood, the Lymphatic and Immue Systems

coagul/o clotting
erythr/o red
fibrin/o fibers, fibrous
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
leuk/o white
morph/o shape
phag/o eat, swallow
thromb/o clot
-cytosis more than the normal number of cells
-emia blood condition
-globin protein
-penia decrease, too few
-phil attracted to
-stasis standing still
plasma is the watery substance that the blood proteins float in
liquid plasma composes what percentage of whole blood 55%
Erythrocytes Red Blood Cells (RBC)
hemoglobin is the iron-containing pigment
Leukocytes White blood cells (WBC)
Pathogens disease causing organisms
Monocytes Important for phagocytosis
Phagocytosis the process by which phagocytes engulf and digest harmful cells.
lymphocytes plays several differnet roles in immune response
thrombocyte platelet
hemostasis blood clotting process
ABO System blood typing system (type A, type AB, type B and type O)
type O blood is the universal donor
type AB blood is the universal recipient
hemoglobin blood protein
hemolysis blood destruction
hemmorrhage rapid flow of blood
hematologist blood specialist
hematic pertaining to blood
erythrocyte red cell
leukocyte white cell
thrombocyte clotting cell
erythrocytosis too many red cells
leukocytosis too many white cells
thrombocytosis too many clotting cells
erythropenia too few red cells
leukopenia too few white cells
thrombopenia too few clotting cells
blood clot end result of hemostasis
coagulate liquid is converted to a solid or gel
dyscrasia blood disorder
hemostasis to stop bleeding
hemophilia hereditary blood disese in which blood-clotting time is prolonged
septicemia having bacteria or their toxins in the blood stream
anemia a reduction in the number of red blood cells
polycythemia vera production of too many red blood cells
leukemia cancer of the white blood cell-forming red bone marrow
blood culture and sensitivity (C&S) sample of blood is incubated in the lab to check for bacterial growth
complete blood count (CBC) Combination of blood tests including:RBC, WBC, Hgb, Hct, white blood cell differential and platelet count
erythrocite sedimentation rate (ESR, sed rate) determines the rate at which red blood cells settle
hematocrit (Hct, HCT, crit) measure of red blood cells volume vs the total blood
hemoglobin (test) measure of the amount of hemoglobin in a given vol of blood
platelet count determines the number of platelets in a vol of blood
prothrombin time (Pro time, PT) measure of the blood's coagulation rate
red blood cell count (RBC) determine the number of erythrocytes
SMAC machine for doing multiple blood chemistry tests automatically
white blood cell count (WBC) measure the number of leukocytes
phlebotomy incision or puncture into the bein in order to remove blood aka venipuncture
blood transfusion artificial transfer of blood into the blood stream
anticoagulant prevents blood clot formation
antihemorrhagic stops hemorrhaging
hemostatic agent stops hemorrhaging
thrombolytic dissolve existing blood clots
BMT bone marrow transplant
CBC complete blood count
diff differential
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
HCT hematocrit
HGB hemoglobin
lymphs lymphocytes
monos monocytes
PT prothrombin time
Pro-time prothrombin time
RBC red blood cell
Rh+ Rh-positive
RH- Rh-negative
WBC white blood cell
adenoid/o adenoids
immun/o protection
lymph/o lymph
lymphangi/o lymph vessel
lymphaden/o lymph gland
path/o disease
thym/o thymus
tonsill/o tonsils
-globulin protein
lymphatic vessels network of vessels throughout the entire body, serve as a one way pipes conducting lymph from the tissues toward the thoratic cavity
Axillary lymph nodes located in the armpits, drain arms and shoulder region; cancer cells from breast may be present
cervical lymph nodes Located in the neck region; drain head and neck; may be enlarged durring upper respiratory infections
tonsils collections of lymphatic tissue located on each side of the throat or pharnyx
spleen located in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen, consists of lymphatic tissue that is highly infiltrated with blood vessels
thymus gland located in the upper portion of the mediastinum; it is essential for proper development of the immune system
immunity the body's ability to defent itself against pathogens
nosocomial infection an infection acquired due to a hospital exposure
adenoidectomy removal of the adenoids
adenoiditis inflammation of the adenoids
immunologist immunity specialist
lymphadenectomy removal of the lymph gland- usually done for malignancy
lymphadenopathy lymph gland disease
lymphangiogram record of lymph vessels
lymphangioma lymph vessel tumor
lymphoma lymph tumor
lymphatic pertaining to lymph
pathogenic disease producing
pathology study of disease
splenectomy removal of the spleen
splenomegaly enlarged spleen
thymectomy removal of the thymus
thymoma thymus tumor
tonsillar pertaining to the tonsils
tonsillectomy removal of the tonsils
tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
hives appearance of wheals as part of an allergic reaction
immunology a branch of medicine that deals with diagnosis and treasment of infectous disease and other disorders of the immune system
inflammation tissues response to injury from pathogens or physical agents- results in pain redness swelling and feeling hot to the touch
lymphedema edema in the extremities due to an obstruction of the lymph
urticaria severe itching
anaphylactic shock life threatening condition due to a severe allergic reaction
lymphadenitis inflammation of the lymph nodes
lymphangiography xray taken of the lymph vessels after they have been injected with dye
scratch test the body is exposed to an allergen through a light scratch in the skin
vaccination exposure to a weakened pathogen that stimulates the immune response to confer protection against the full blown disease
anihistamine blocks the effects of histamine release by the body during an allergic reaction
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
ARC AIDS related complex
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
Created by: lynette.thorpe