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unit 1 vocab ms.phil

cold climate lines from 60 degrees north to the North Pole and from 60 degrees south to the South Pole high-latitude climate
cool or cold climate that varies with elevation (like high up in the mountains) highland climate
warm year round extends from the equater to the Tropic of Cancer (23 1/2 degrees north) and from the equator to the Tropic of Capricorn (23 1/2 degrees south) tropical climate
temperature climate extend from 23 1/2 degrees north to 60 degrees north and from 23 1/2 degrees south mid-latitude climate
movements of air that travel around the earth in a typical pattern prevailing wind
caused by the combination of temperature wind and water. Formed when cold winds from the north are weak. Pacific Ocean gets warmer. Occurs every 3 years. El Nino
Eastern winds become strong and the opposite of El Nino occurs-Pacific Ocean gets cooler La Nina
channel wide strait or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to each other
climate usual predictable pattern of weather over a long period of time
current moving streams of water in the world's oceans
drought long periods of extreme dryness and water shortage
dry climate dry to partially dry areas with little to no rain; (temperatures go from high to low)
elevation height above sea level
gulf part of a large body of water that enstends inland
harbor a sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely
hurricane violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rainfall
island land completley surrounded by water
landforms indivisiual features of the land
lake a sizable insland body of water
mountain land with steep sides tha rises sharply from surrounding land
mountain range a series of connected mountains
monsoon unpredictable changes in the air that take place in a short period of time
ocean one of the four major bodies of salt water that surround the continents
plateau flat or rolling land at high elevation usually 300-3,000 ft high
peninsula body of land jutting into a lake or ocean surrounded on three sides by water
plains area of low land at low elevation; covered with grass
physical feature characteristic of a place occurring naturally such as a landform body of water climate pattern or resource
river large natural stream of water that runs through the land
sea large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land
strait narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water
tropics low latitude region between
typhoon name of hurricane in Asia
tornado funnel-shaped windstorm; sometimes forms during a thunderstorm
valley area of low land between hills or mountains
volcano mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth
weather unpredictable changes in the air that take place in a short period of time
Created by: britt&aj