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Land/climate vocab

High- latitude climate Cold climate lies from 60 degrees north to the North pole and from 60 degrees south to the South pole
Highland climate Cool or cold climate that varies with elevation (like high up in the mountains)
Tropical climate Warm year round extends from the equator to the Tropic of Cancer 923 1/2 degrees north) and fromt the Equator to the Tropic of capricorn
Mid-latitude climate Temperate climate (think seasons) extend from 23 1/2 degrees north to 60 degrees north and from 23 1/2 south to 60 degrees south
Prevaling wind Movements of air that travel around the Earth in a typical pattern
El Nino Caused by the combination of temperature wind and water. Formed when cold winds from the North and weak. Pacific Ocean gets warmer. Occurs every 3 years
La Nina Eastern winds become strong and the opposite of El Nino occurs-Pacific Ocean gets cooler
Bay Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally smaller than a gulf
Channel Wide starit or waterway between two landmases that lie close to each other; deep part of a river or other waterway
Climate Usual, predictable pattern of weather in an area over a long period of time
Current Moving streams of water in the world's ocean, which affect the climate of land areas
Drought Long period of extreme dryness and water shortages
Dry climate Dry or partially dry areas that recieve little or no rainfall
Elevation Height above sea level
Gulf Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally larger and more deeply indented than a bay
Harbor A sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely
Hurricane Violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rains
Island Body of land smaller than a contienet and surrounded by water
Landforms Individual features of land
Lake A sizeable inland body of water
Mountain Land with steep sides that rises sharply from surrounding land
Mountain Range A series of connected mountains
Monsoon Seasonal wind that blows over a continent for months at a time
Ocean One of the four major bodies of salt water that surround the continents
Plateau Area of flat or rolling land at a high elevation
Pennisula Body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides of water
Plains Area of land, usually at low elevation and often covered with grasses
Physical Feature Characteristics of a place occuring naturally, such as a landform, body of water, climate pattern, or resource
River Large natural stream of water that runs through the land
Sea Large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land
Strait Narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water
Tropics Low-latitude region between th tropic of Cancer and Tropic of capricorn
Typhoon Name for hurricane in Asia
Tornado Funnel-Shaped windstorm; sometimes forms during a thunderstorm
Valley Area of low land between hills or mountains
Volcano Mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the Earth
Weather Unpredictable changes in the air that take place over a short period of time
Created by: darknight11