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BasicGeoTermsDMC 2

Unit 2 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
What is a cold climate that lies from 60 degrees north to the North Pole and from 60 degrees south to the South Pole? High-Lattitude Climate
What is a part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline and is generally smaller than a gulf? A Bay
What is a cool or cold climate that varies with elevation? Highland Climate
What is warm, year-round, and extends from the Tropic of Cancer to the Equator, and from the Tropic of Capricorn to the equator? The Tropical Climate
What is the temperate climate that extends from 23 1/2 degrees north to 60 degrees north, and from 23 1/2 degrees south to 60 degrees south? Mid-Lattitude Climate
What is the name of movements of air that travel around the earth in a typical pattern? Prevailing Winds
What is caused by the combination of temperature wind and water and is formed when cold winds from the north are weak? It causes the Pacific Ocean to get warmer and occurs every three years. El Nino
What is the name of when eastern winds get stronger and the opposite of El Nino? The Pacific Ocean gets colder. La Nina
What is a wide strait or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to eachother? A Channel
What is the height above sea level? Elevation
What is the name of part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline and is generally larger and more deeply indented than a bay? A Gulf
What is the name of a sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely? A Harbor
What is a land area completely surrounded by water? An Island
What is a sizeable inland boday of water? A Lake
What is a land with steep sides that rises sharply (1,000 feet or more) from surrounding land? It's generally larger and more rugged than a hill. A Mountain
What is a series of connected mountains? A Mountain Range
What is the name of one of the major bodies of salt water that surround the continents? An Ocean
What is an area of flat or rolling land at a high elevation? It's about 300-3,000 feet high. A Plateau
What is a body of land jutting into a lake or ocean thst is covered by water on three sides? Think Italy and Florida. A Peninsula
What is an area of level land that is usually at low elevation and often covered with grasses? A Plain
What is a charicteristic of a place occuring naturally, such as a landform, body of water, climate pattern, or resource? A Physical Feature
What is a large, natural stream that runs through the land? A River
What is a large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land? A Sea
What is a narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water? A Strait
What is an area of low land between hills or mountains? A Valley
What is a mountain created as liquid rock and ash errupt from inside the earth? A Volcano
What is the name for a usual, predictable, pattern of weather in an area over a long period of time? Climate
What is the name for moving streams of water in the world's oceans, that also affects weather? A Current
What us a way of life of a group of people who shaer similar beliefs and customs? A Culture
What is a long period of extreme dryness and water shortages? A Drought
What is the name of people who share a similar culture, language, or history? An Ethnic Group
What is a violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rains? A Hurricane
What is a seasonal wind that blows over a continent for months at a time? A Monsoon
What is an individual feature of an area? A Landform
What is a dry to partially dry area with little to no rain, where the temperature can range from very cold to very hot? A Dry Climate
What is the name for a hurricane in Asia? A Typhoon
What is the name of a funnel shaped windstorm that sometimes forms during a thunderstorm? A Tornado
What is the name of a low-latitude region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn? Tropics
Created by: Devyn