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Land And Climate

Alphabox Geography Unit 1 Land and Climate Definitions

Bay Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally smaller than a gulf?
Channel Wide strait or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to each other; deep part of a river or waterway?
Climate Usual, predictable pattern of weather in an area over a long period of time?
Current Moving streams of water in the world's oceans, which affect the climate of land areas?
Hurricane Violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rains?
Drought Long period of extreme dryness and water shortages?
Elevation Height above sea level?
El Nino Combination of temperature, wind and water affects in the pacific ocean that causes heavy rain in some areas and drought in others?
Harbor A sheltered place along a shore line where ships can anchor safely?
Gulf Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally larger and deeply indented than a bay?
High-Latitude Climate Cold climate lies from 60 degrees North to the North Pole and from 60 degrees South to the South Pole?
Highland Climate Cool or cold climate that varies with elevation (like high up in the mountains, for example)?
Island Land area, smaller than a Continent, completely surrounded by water?
Tropical Climate Warm year round extends from the tropic of cancer and from the equator to the tropic of Capricorn?
Mid Latitude Climate Temperate climate (think seasons) extends from 231/2 degrees North to 60 degrees North and from 23 1/2 degrees south to 60 degrees south?
Prevailing Wind Movements of air that travel around the world in a typical pattern?
La Nina Eastern winds become strong and the opposite of El Nino occurs - Pacific Ocean gets cooler?
Landforms Individual features of the land?
Lake A sizable island body of water?
Mountain Land with steep sides that rises sharply (1,000 feet or more) from surrounding land; generally larger and more rugged than a hill?
Mountain Range A series of connected mountains?
Monsoon Seasonal wind than blows over a Continent for months at a time?
Ocean One of the four major bodies of salt water that surrounds the continents?
Plateau Area of flat or rolling land at a high elevation, about 300-3,000 feet high?
Peninsula Body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides of water?
Plains Area of level land, usually at low elevation and often covered with grasses?
Physical Features Characteristic of a place occurring naturally, such as a landform, body of water, climate pattern, or resource?
Weather Unpredictable changes in the air that take place in a short period of time?
River Large natural stream of water that runs through land?
Sea Large body of water partially or completely surrounded by land?
Strait Narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water?
Ocean One of the four major bodies of salt water that surround the Continents?
Volcano Mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth?
Valley Area of lowland between hills and mountains?
Tropics Low Latitude region between the tropic of cancer and the tropic of capricorn?
Typhoon Name for a hurricane in asia?
Tornado Funnel-Shaped windstorm; sometimes forms during a thunderstorm?
Created by: BirthdayMuffin