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chapter 10

minor office surgery

abrasion a wound in which the outer layer of the skin are damaged; a scrape
abscess a collection of pus in a cavity surrounded by inflamed tissue
absorbable suture suture material that is gradually digested by tissue enzymes and absorbed by the body.
approximation the process of bring two parts , such as tissue, together through the use of sutures or other means.
bandage a strip of woven material used to wrap or cover a part of the body.
biopsy the surgical removale and examination of tisue from the living body. biopsies are generally performed to determine wether a tumor is benign or malignant.
capillary action tha action that causes liquid to risealong a wick, a tube, or a guaze dressing.
colposcopy the visual examination of the vagina and cervix using the colposcope
colposcope a lighted instrument witha binocular magnifying lens used to examine the vagina and cervix.
contaminate as it relates to sterile technique, to cause a sterile object or surface to become unsterile.
contusion an injury to the tissue under the skin that causes blood vessels to rupture, allowing blood to seep into the tissue; a bruise.
cryosurgery the therapeutic use of freezing temperatures to destroy abnormal tissue.
exudate a discharge produced by the body's tissues.
fibroblast an immature cell from which connective tissue can develop.
forceps a two-pronged instrument for grasping and squeezing.
Furuncle a localized staphylococcal infection that originates deep within a hair follicle. Also known as a boil
Hemostasis the arrest of bleeding by natural or artificial means.
Incision a clean cut caused by a cutting instrument
Infection the condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen.
Inflammation a protective response of the body to trauma and the entrance of foreign matter. The purpose of inflammation is to destroy invading microorganisms and to repair injured tissue.
Laceration a wound in which the tissues are torn apart, leaving ragged or irregular edges.
Ligate to tie off and close a structure such as a severed blood vessel.
Local anesthetic a drug that produces a loss of feeling and an inability to perceive pain in only a specific part of the body.
Mayo tray a broad, flat metal tray placed on a stand and used to hold sterile instruments and supplies when it has been covered by a sterile towel.
Needle biopsy a type of biopsy in which tissue from deep within the body is obtained by the insertion of a biopsy needle through the skin.
Nonabsorbable suture suture material that is not absorbed by the body and either remains permanently in the body tissue and becomes encapsulated by fibrous tissue or is removed
Postoperative after a surgical operation
Preoperative preceding a surgical operation
Puncture a wound made by a sharp pointed object piercing the skin
Scalpel a surgical knife used to divide tissue
Scissors a cutting instrument
Sebaceous cyst a thin, closed sac or capsule that contains fatty secretions from a sebaceous gland
Serum the clear, straw-colored part of the blood that remains after the solid element has been separated out of it
Sterile free of all living microorganisms and bacterial spores
Surgical asepsis practices that keep objects and areas sterile or free from microorganisms
Sutures material used to approximate tissues with surgical stitches.
Swaged needle a needle with suturing material permanently attached to it s end
Wound a break in the continuity of an external or internal surface caused by physical means.
Created by: sashapalmer