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Unit 1 Land/Climate

vocab chapters 1+2

bay part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally smaller than a gulf
channel wide straight or waterway between two landmasses that lie close to each other, part of a river or other water way
climate the usual, predictable pattern of weather in an aera over a lond period of time
current carry warm or cool water through the world's oceans
drought a long period of extreme dryness
elevation height of land above see level
El Nino Caused by the combination of temperature wind and water. Fromed when cold winds from the north are weak. Pacific Ocean gets warmer. Occurs every 3 years.
gulf part of a large body of water that extdends into a shoreline, generally larger and more deeply indented than a bay
harbor a sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor safely
hurricane winds that can reach more than 150mph
High-latitude climate cold climate lies from 60 degrees north to the north pole and from 60 degrees south to south pole
island land area, smaller than a continent, completely surrounded by water
landforms individual features of the land
La Nina Eastern winds become strong and the opposite of El Nino occurs-Pacific Ocean gets cooler
lake a sizable inland body of water
moutain land with steep sides that rises sharply
moutain range a series of connected mountains
monsoon are tremendous seasonal winds that blow over continets for a month at a time
mid-latitude climate temperate climate (think seasons)extend from 231/2degrees north to 60 degrees north and from 23 1/2 degrees south to 60 degrees south
ocean one of the four major bodies of salt water that surround the continents
highland climate cool or cold climate that varies with elevation (like high up in the mountains)
tropical climate warm year round extends from the equator top the Tropic of Cancer (23 1/2 degrees noth) and from the equator to the Tropic of Capricorn (23 1/2 degrees south)
prevailing wind movements of air that travel around the earth in a typical pattern
plateau area of flat or rolling land at a high elevation about 300-3000 feet high
peninsula body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water
plains area of level land, usually at low elevation and often covered with grasses
physical feature characyeristic of a place occuring naturally, such as a landform, body of water, climate pattern, or resorce
river large natural stream of water that runs through the land
sea large body of water partially or completely surrounded by land
dry climate dry to partially dry areas with little to no rain; temperatures can range from very cold to very hot
typhoon name for a hurricane in Asia
tornado funnel-shaped windstorm; sometimes forms during a thunderstorm
tropics low lattitude region between th eTropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
weather unpredicable changes in the air that take place in a short period of time
strait narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water
volcano moutains= created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth
valley area of lowland between hills and moutains
Created by: alyssa.wilson