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Liles MSI Urinary

Stack #86384

Aldosterone Hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex, regulates salt and water balance in the kidney
Bowman's Capsule Double-walled capsule around the glomerulus of nephron
Calyces Cup-shaped parts of the renal pelvis
Collecting Tubules Structure in nephron which collects urine from distal convoluted tubule
Cortex Outer part of the kidney
Distal Convoluted Tubule Tubular process that ascends to the cortex from the loop of Henle
Excretion Removing nitrogenous wastes, certain salts and excess water from blood
Filtrate Plasmalike fluid filtered from the blood in the glomerulus into the Bowman's capsule
Filtration Movement of water and particles across a semipermeable membrane by a mechanical force such as blood pressure
Glomerulus Part of the nephron, tuft of capillaries situated within Bowman's capsule
Hilum Indentation along the medial border of the kidney, contains blood vessels
Kidneys Organs of the urinary system that functions to rid the body of the nitrogenous wastes
Loop of Henle Proximal convulted tubule descends into the medulla forming the loop of Henle
Medulla Inner portion of the kidney
Nephron Unit of structure of kidney, contains glomerulus, Bowman's capsule, proximal distal tubule, loop of Henle, and distal tubule
Proximal Convoluted Tubule Twisted tubular branch off the Bowman's capsule
Renal Calculi Clumping together of calcium phosphate crystals, uric acid, and other substances in the kidneys
Renin Enzyme produced by Kidney
Retroperitoneal Located behind peritoneum
Secretion Transports substances from blood into collecting tubules. Electrolytes are selectively secreted to maintain body's acid base balance
Urinanalysis The chemical analysis of urine
Ureters The long narrow tubes that convey urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder
Urethra The tube that takes urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
Urinary Bladder A muscular membrane-lined sac situated in the anterior part of the pelvic cavity and used to hold urine
Urinary Meatus The opening to the urethra
ADH Hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland, which prevents or suppresses urine excretion
Acute Kidney Failure Sudden loss of Kidney function
Anuria Absence of urine
Chronic Renal Failure Gradual loss of function of the nephrons
Cystitis Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the urinary bladder
Dialysis selective diffusion through a semipermeable membrane- used to treat kidney failure
Diuretic Drug to reduce the amount of fluid in the body
Dysuria Painful urination
Glycosuria Sugar in the urine
Hematuria Blood in the urine
Hemodialysis A procedure for removing waste products in the circulating blood of patients with kidney failure
Hydronephrosis Renal pelvis and calyces become distended due to the accumulation of fluid
Incontinence Loss of self-control, especially of urine, feces
Lithotripsy A procedure used to reduce kidney stones to sand to enable them to pass through the urinary tract
Nocturia Excessive urination during the night
Oliguria Diminished production of urine
Peritoneal Dialysis Filtering of the client's blood through the client's own peritoneal lining
Polyuria Excessive urination
Pyelonephritis Inflammation of the kidneys and the pelvis of the ureter
Renal Calculi kidney stones -Clumping together of calcium phosphate crystals, uric acid, and other substances in the kidneys
Uremia The presence of urea and excess waste products in the blood
Urethritis Inflammation of the urethra
Urinalysis The chemical analysis of urine
Created by: Connie Liles