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Study Guide Ch 19

Chabner, Language of Medicine 8th Edition, Chpt 19 Oncology

QuestionAnswer
Which term describes the spread of malignant tumors to a distant location? metastasis
Which is an example of a solid tumor derived from epithelial tissue? adenocarcinoma of the lung (lung tissue is epithelial tissue)
Wis a description of a fungating tumor? mushrooming pattern of growth as tumor cells pile on top of each other
Which term includes sessile and penduculated types of growth? polypoid
What term describes localized tumor growth? Carcinoma "in situ"
Which is a description of a scirrhous type tumor? Hard, densely packed tumor cells
What does "staging" a tumor mean? Assessing the extent of tumor spread
What does mutagenic mean? Producing a change in the DNA of a cell
What does the notation T1N2M0 mean? Tumor is present - with palpable lymph nodes - and no metastases
What is the definition of a mutation inheritable changes in a cell
Which is an example of genetic material that causes cancer? ONCOGENES (region of DNA in tumor cells or viruses that cause cancer)
Which is a description of exenteration? wide resection of tumor and removal of surrounding tissue
What is the meaning of fulguration? destruction of tissue by electric sparks
Which is an example of a known type of inherited cancer? retinoblastoma
What is a definition of modality? method of treatment
Which is a definition of a radioresistant tumor? tumor requires larges doses of radiation to produce death of cells
Which is a description of electrocauterization? Treating tissue with electrically generated heat
Which is a description of pharmacokinetics? study of the distribution of drugs in the body
What term means assisting or aiding? adjuvant
Which term is used in treatment of tumors with radiation? linear accelerators
Which is a description of an estrogen receptor assay? tests for the concentration of hormone receptor sites in cells of BREAST CANCER patients
Which best describes a wide surgical incision of the abdomen to detect disease STAGING laparotomy
What best describes interferon? biological response modifier
What term means return of symptoms of disease? relapse
Which term means cancerous tumor derived from bone? Osteogenic Sarcoma
a side effect of radiation therapy (redness of skin) erythema
a side effect of chemotheraphy or radiotherapy (hair loss) alopecia
A side effect of radiation therapy to the lungs (abnormal growth of connective tissue) fibrosis
Hypoplasia of bone marrow Meylosuppression
Inflammation of the inner lining of an organ Mucositis
replication of cells; two identical cells are produced from a parent cell mitosis
cellular substance (ribonucleic acid) that is important in protein synthesis RNA
infectious agent that reproduces by entering a host cell and using the host's genetic material to make copies of itself Virus
rays given off by the sun ultraviolet radiation
an agent that causes cancer (hydrocarbon, insecticide, hormone) chemical carcinogen
genetic material within the nucleus that controls replication and protein synthesis DNA
region of genetic material that causes cancer, found in tumor cells or viruses oncogene
change in the genetic material of a cell mutation
energy carried by a stream of particles radiation
characterized by redness, swelling, and heat inflammatory
tumors are large, soft, fleshy medullary
containing dead tissue necrotic
mushrooming pattern of growth fungating
characterized by large, open, exposed surfaces ulcerating
tumors form large, open spaces filled with fluid cystic
tumors resemble wart-like growths verrucous
growths are projections from a base (sessile and penduculated) polypoid
removal of tumor and a margin of normal tissue for diagnosis and possible cure for small tumors excisional biopsy
removal of entire tumor with large area of surrounding tissue and lymph nodes en bloc resection
Burning a lesion electrocauterization
destruction by high-frequency electric sparks. fulguration
cutting into tumor and removing a piece to establish diagnosis incisional biopsy
freezing a lesion cryosurgery
wide resection involving tumor, organ of origin, and surrounding tissue in the area of the hip. pelvic exenteration
test for the presence of a portion of human chorionic gonadotropin hormone (marker for testicular cancer) beta-HCG test
incision of the abdomen to determine extent of disease staging laparotomy
protein marker test to detect ovarian cancer cells in blood CA-125
Visual examination of the abdominal cavity; peritoneoscopy laparoscopy
test for the presence of a hormone receptor on breast cancer cells estrogen receptor assay
Removal and microscopic examination of bone marrow tissue Bone Marrow Biopsy
aspiration of tissue for microscopic examination needle biopsy
blood test for the presence of an antigen related to prostate cancer PSA test
Blood test for carcinoembryonic antigen (marker for GI cancer) CEA test
Cells are scraped off tissue and microscopically examined exfoliative cytology
Created by: penguin on 2007-08-03



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