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Study Guide Ch 15

Chabner, Language of Medicine 8th Edition, Chpt 15 Musculoskeletal System

1) Spongy, porous bone tissue is also called cancellous bone
2) Outward extension of the shoulder bone is the acromion
3) An opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave is a foramen
4) The projection of the temporal bone is the mastoid process
5) Knuckle-like process at the end of a bone is called a condyle
6) Mandible, vomer, maxilla, and zygomatic are all bones of the face
7) Occipital, sphenoid, frontal, temporal, and ethmoid are all bones of the cranium
8) The shaft of a long bone is called a(an) diaphysis
12) lateral curvature of the spinal column scoliosis
13) Vitamin D deficiency leads to softening of bone, which is called...? osteomalacia
14) pertaining to the upper arm bone humeral
15) The shoulder bone is the ...? scapula
17) Inflammation of bone and bone marrow osteomyelitis
18) clubfoot talipes (not tailpipes)
19) A splintered or crushed bone comminuted fracture
20) surgical repair of a joint arthroplasty
21) Condition of stiffening and immobility of a joint ankylosis
22) Chronic inflammation of bones and joints due to degenerative changes in cartilage Osteoarthritis
23) Inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid accumulation gouty arthritis
24) Malignant tumor of smooth muscle leiomyosarcoma
25) Wasting away (no development) of muscle atrophy
26) Name That Bone! -- Forms the forehead Frontal Bone
27) Name That Bone! -- Cheek bone Zygomatic Bone
28) Name That Bone! -- Upper jaw bone Maxilla
29) Name That Bone! -- forms the back and base of the skull Occipital bone
30) Name That Bone! -- Lower jaw bone Mandible
31) Name That Bone! -- forms the roof and upper side of the skull Parietal bone
32) Name That Bone! -- two paired bones at th corner of each eye Lacrimal bone
33) Name That Bone! -- Bone near the ear; connected to the lower jaw Temporal bone
34) Name That Condition! -- Lateral curve of the spine scoliosis
35) Formation of bone marrow myelopoiesis
36) Name That Condition! -- Abnormal anterior curvature of the spine Lordosis
37) Benign tumors arising from the bone surface Exostoses
38) Name That Condition! -- humpback Kyphosis
39) Name That Condition! -- Clubfoot talipes (not tailpipes)
40) Name That Condition! -- subluxation of a vertebra spondylolisthesis
9) Poor formation of bone osteodystrophy
10) slipping or subluxation of a vertebra spondylolisthesis
11) operation performed to relieve the symptoms of a slipped disk laminectomy
16) The smaller of the two lower legs bones is the fibula
41) Name that Abnormal Condition! -- An inherited condition in which bones of the arms and legs fail to grow normally because of a defect in cartliage and bone formation achondroplasia
42) Name that Abnormal Condition! -- Cystic mass arising from a tendon in the wrist Ganglion
43) Name that Abnormal Condition! -- Inflammation of joints caused by accumulation of Uric Acid Gouty Arthritis
44) Name that Abnormal Condition! -- Degenerative joint disease; chronic inflammation of bones and joings Osteoarthritis
45) Name that Abnormal Condition! -- Chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of joints, especially of the spine Ankylosing Spondylitis
46) Name that Abnormal Condition! -- Compression of the median nerve in the wrist Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
47) Name that Abnormal Condition! -- Abnormal swelling of a metatarsophalangeal joint bunion
48) Name that Abnormal Condition! -- Tick-borne bacterium causes this type of arthritis Lyme Disease
49) Name that Abnormal Condition! -- Chronic joint disease with inflamed and painful joints; marked by swollen and thickened synovial membranes rheumatoid arthritis
50) Name that Abnormal Condition! -- Chronic inflammatory disease affecting skin (red rash on face), kidneys, heart, and lungs as well as joints. Systemic LUPUS Erythematosus
51) Name that Abnormal Condition! -- Displacement of a bone from its joint dislocation
52) Bending a limb flexion
53) movement away from the midline abduction
54) movement toward the midline adduction
55) circular movement around an axis rotation
56) straightening out a limb extension
57) Turning the palm backward pronation
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